Case adjudication is the formal resolution of a case by the pronouncement of a judgment or decree by the court. The term applies to both civil and criminal cases. The term implies that the court has held a hearing, heard all relevant factual issues and made a decision so it is no longer considering the case.Know More
The courts resolve three types of cases through adjudication: those involving private parties, such as civil cases, those involving the government and private parties or criminal cases and those between public officials or bodies. The process involves notification of all interested parties along with opportunities to present arguments and evidence. Formal rules of evidence and procedure govern the process aimed at reaching a reasonable settlement, using a judge, jury or arbiter.
In certain locations, such as Florida, the judge has the option of settling a criminal case by withholding adjudication. In this case, the judge sentences the individual to a probationary sentence. Once the individual completes the terms of probation, the court closes the case without entering it into his record. While this option provides leeway for the judge and prevents the collateral damages of a conviction of a misdemeanor or felony, it is under attack. The legislature is enacting laws that specifically remove the option cases, such as those involving DUI, domestic abuse and capital offenses.Learn more about Law
The term "case disposition" is used within the legal system to describe the resolution or the outcome of any case. A disposition may occur at any time during a court proceeding, though it is subject to the law and also to the rules of civil or criminal procedure. The Administrative Office of the United States Courts provides a glossary of legal terms pertaining to case dispositions and civil and criminal procedures on the UScourts.gov website.Full Answer >
A no-drop policy on domestic violence means that if a victim of domestic violence does not show up to court to testify against the defendant, the case is not dropped. Before no-drop policies were enacted in many areas, the result of a victim no-show meant a dismissal of the case.Full Answer >
Waived to court means that the defense in a criminal case has waived its right to a preliminary hearing, according to Adam D. Zucker, a criminal defense attorney in Conshohocken, Pa. Waiving the preliminary hearing is not a plea of guilty. It is an agreement by the defense that the state or commonwealth can meet its burden of proof in a preliminary hearing only.Full Answer >
Finding a court date involves finding the jurisdiction of a case, finding the case number and looking it up online. Failing to appear in court on the scheduled date may lead one to lose the case, pay a fine or even get arrested.Full Answer >