Case adjudication is the formal resolution of a case by the pronouncement of a judgment or decree by the court. The term applies to both civil and criminal cases. The term implies that the court has held a hearing, heard all relevant factual issues and made a decision so it is no longer considering the case.Know More
The courts resolve three types of cases through adjudication: those involving private parties, such as civil cases, those involving the government and private parties or criminal cases and those between public officials or bodies. The process involves notification of all interested parties along with opportunities to present arguments and evidence. Formal rules of evidence and procedure govern the process aimed at reaching a reasonable settlement, using a judge, jury or arbiter.
In certain locations, such as Florida, the judge has the option of settling a criminal case by withholding adjudication. In this case, the judge sentences the individual to a probationary sentence. Once the individual completes the terms of probation, the court closes the case without entering it into his record. While this option provides leeway for the judge and prevents the collateral damages of a conviction of a misdemeanor or felony, it is under attack. The legislature is enacting laws that specifically remove the option cases, such as those involving DUI, domestic abuse and capital offenses.Learn more about Law
The term "case disposition" is used within the legal system to describe the resolution or the outcome of any case. A disposition may occur at any time during a court proceeding, though it is subject to the law and also to the rules of civil or criminal procedure. The Administrative Office of the United States Courts provides a glossary of legal terms pertaining to case dispositions and civil and criminal procedures on the UScourts.gov website.Full Answer >
Most states follow common law when addressing palimony claims in court, although some states, such as California, follow the law as determined in legal cases, such as the 1976 Marvin v. Marvin case governing California, as explained by DivorceNet.com. Palimony refers to alimony for non-married but co-habitating couples.Full Answer >
A court disposition is the court's final ruling on a case or issue in legal proceedings. A court disposition is also needed when property is transferred by a deed or will to another's care or possession.Full Answer >
In order to obtain a court order, an open case must be present in the court or one must be opened, and then a motion filed for the court order that has supporting evidence to show why the order is justified. In most cases a court order is temporary until the court date, at which time if the case goes in the favor of the one requesting the court order it can be made permanent.Full Answer >