The two broad reasons for conformity are informational influence and normative influence. Informational influence refers to situations where the person looks to others' behavior to behave correctly himself, particularly in social or work environments. Normative influence causes people to submit to the influence of others chiefly to avoid punishment or to gain a reward.Know More
When conformity is caused by informative influence, individuals may look to group behaviors because they feel that people within the group have more information or experience than they do in specific situations or contexts. Thus, the individual seeks clues or cues from the group to determine how to act. One may consider socialization among children and adolescents as an illustration of this form of influence. Similarly, an individual new to a workplace may look to colleagues as models of how to carry himself or interact with the boss.
In cases of normative influence, the individual looks to conform out of a more precise fear of consequences. Following class rules to avoid detention is one example, but the differences between these two categories are often hazy. A teenager may look to the group for information as to how to fit in, but he may also fear the consequences of not doing so or feel the strain of peer pressure. This can be interpreted as a negative consequence, as conforming to the group is a way of avoiding social criticism, ridicule, teasing or bullying. Ultimately, conformity is a vehicle through which the individual isolates the norms of a particular group and then seeks to adhere to them in order to represent himself as a normal and acceptable member of that group.Learn more about Types of Government
A republic government is a state in which the ultimate power is vested in the people who vote, and that power is carried out by representatives chosen by the citizens. It is a state in which the government leader is voted upon rather then ascending by inheritance or appointment.Full Answer >
The principle of popular sovereignty is a method used in the 19th century, which states that the people of a given area create and sustain the power of their government through the representatives the people elect. This was enacted during the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, and it was a compromise on the slavery issue that was paramount at the time.Full Answer >
Aristocracy can be seen in both a positive and negative light since it can be considered a pro to allow the most educated people in a nation to make the biggest decisions regarding that nation, yet it can be considered a con to allow a few people to make important decisions for an entire people. In today's democratic world, the term aristocracy is typically considered negative because it often means that a small, wealthy portion of the population is controlling the entire nation, leading to a disparity in individual rights.Full Answer >
The Founding Fathers established three branches of government to ensure that no one person or group of people could amass too much power. The three branches of the U.S. government are the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. Each of the three branches is balanced by the powers of the other two coequal branches.Full Answer >