Q:

What are the characteristics of a presidential government?

A:

Quick Answer

The main distinguishing characteristic of the presidential form of government is that the head of government is also the head of state, leading an executive branch but not a legislative one. There are a number of countries around the world that are presidential republics with a full presidential system. The United States is one, as are Mexico and Brazil.

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Full Answer

Although the presidential systems in use around the world work differently, they all share some common characteristics.

  • Presidential governments have executive and legislative branches that are independent of each other. In the United States for example, there is no guarantee that the President's party will also control the legislative.
  • The system uses different checks and balances so each branch of government can sometimes intervene in the powers of the other. For example, the elected president can veto legislative acts. Conversely, a supermajority in the legislative branch can override the veto.
  • The president has a fixed term and elections are held at regular intervals.

Advantages of the presidential system
Since a presidential government has two independent structures, each one can monitor and check the other, preventing abuses of power. Moreover, since the elected executive is in office for a fixed period of time, the country can enjoy periods of stability. Lastly, since the president is usually elected directly, there is popular support for the office's strong powers.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the advantages of presidential government?

    A:

    A presidential system of government is one in which a popularly elected head of state acts as the overall authority in the country. The term has been in use in the United States since before the Civil War to distinguish it from the British system. One of the benefits of the presidential system is that change may be implemented quickly, requiring only a willing leader.

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  • Q:

    What is a presidential system of government?

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    A presidential system of government is a government in which a president leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. The United States is a good example of a presidential system of government.

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    What is a republic government?

    A:

    A republic government is a state in which the ultimate power is vested in the people who vote, and that power is carried out by representatives chosen by the citizens. It is a state in which the government leader is voted upon rather then ascending by inheritance or appointment.

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    What are characteristics of sovereignty?

    A:

    Examples of sovereignty include any state or nation that is independent, or under their own authority, such as the United States or Brazil. Sovereignty is defined as all persons and property within the borders of the state being under the exclusive authority of that state, explains Dictionary.com.

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