The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is the primary federal law authorizing government spending on programs supporting education from kindergarten through grade 12. It is the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, which represents the country's most substantial source of funding for elementary and secondary school education, according to the New America Foundation's Federal Education Budget Project.Know More
NCLB authorized 45 educational programs and provided $25.7 billion to states in fiscal year 2014, notes the New America Foundation. When the law was reauthorized, it included changes to the way states qualified for funding. NCLB put in place a system of student testing and assessment and required schools to demonstrate accountability and measurable educational improvement. Under NCLB, states are required to test students in reading, math and science through grade 12. Individual schools, school districts and each state must make test results available to the public. The testing information must be presented in the aggregate and for specific student subgroups, including low-income students, students with disabilities and English-language learners.
According to New America Foundation's Federal Education Budget Project, one of the biggest programs under NCLB is the Title I program. This program provides funds to school districts to improve the educational services delivered to disadvantaged students. It provides funding for tutoring and other educational-support services.Learn more about Law
The Safe Medical Devices Act is a federal act signed into law in 1990 that mandates health providers to report deaths or injuries suspected to have been caused by medical devices to the FDA and the product manufacturer. According to Congress.gov, the bill was sponsored by Representative Henry Waxman in 1989 as H.R. 3095, and it was enacted into law as Public Law No. 101-629.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Clean Air Act of 1970 created a major shift in the government's role in air pollution control. The legislation authorized the development of federal and state regulations to limit emissions from both stationary, or industrial, and mobile sources.Full Answer >
Child endangerment laws make putting a child's life or health at risk through the lack of concern or recklessness of adults a crime, says LegalMatch. In some states child endangerment is a separate offense, while in others it is included in child abuse statutes.Full Answer >
The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001, colloquially called the "USA PATRIOT" Act, gave the federal government powers to intercept communications, act quickly on terrorist threats and protect American borders. The law was signed Oct. 26, 2001, according to the U.S. Government Printing Office. The legislation served as the congressional response to the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.Full Answer >