Q:

What is a civil judgment?

A:

A civil judgment gives the details of which party wins in a court case -- the plaintiff or the defendant -- and defines what that party gets from the other. A civil judgment is the official court record documenting the disposition of a civil case.

A civil court case is between two parties, including the plaintiff and the defendant. The plaintiff is the party starting the lawsuit. Generally, a lawsuit is brought because the plaintiff is in a dispute with the defendant. For example, a plaintiff may claim the defendant owes the plaintiff money. When a civil case is filed by the plaintiff, it is assigned to a judge, usually on a random basis. The judge manages the progress of the case, holds hearings, hears motions and sometimes attempts an informal resolution of the case by sending the case to mediation. Whatever the final decision in the case, whether in favor of the plaintiff or the defendant, the judge will enter a civil judgment detailing her decision in the case. If the case involved a jury trial, the civil judgment will reflect the jury’s decision. Each state has rules of civil procedure which define when and how the civil judgment is entered and what information it must contain. The federal court system also has a similar set of civil procedure rules.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between venue and jurisdiction?

    A:

    Jurisdiction refers to whether a court has the legal authority to hear a case, and venue refers to where a court case will be heard. In a civil case (a dispute between two parties), venue is determined by where the parties live or where the original dispute arose. In a criminal case, the venue is determined by where the alleged crime occurred.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a landmark case?

    A:

    A court case that establishes important legal standards or practices is referred to as a landmark case, according to The Law Dictionary. Landmark cases have significant impact on judicial proceedings by prompting the creation of new laws or legal precedents or instigating changes in existing case law.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a letter of disposition for courts?

    A:

    The letter of disposition for courts is an official court document that describes the official outcome of a court case, according to NYCourts.gov. Information including the sentence and outcome of the case are included in the letter of disposition.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a notice of nonsuit?

    A:

    The US Legal website defines a notice of nonsuit as a legal document filed by the plaintiff of a lawsuit removing one or more defendants from liability in the suit. The judge in the case may also put in a judgement of nonsuit if the plaintiff abandons the lawsuit or if the judge determines that there is no way possible to prove the case against the defendant.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore