Q:

What are civil matters?

A:

Civil matters are cases that relate to complaints of a non-criminal nature. These types of matters often involve lawsuits or court cases where one party believes he is owed money by another.

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Civil court cases can arise from situations such as evictions, unpaid loans and breach of contract. Although often decided by a judge or jury, civil cases generally do not result in criminal charges or penalties. Instead, monetary amounts are awarded based on the severity of the case. During the course of a civil case, both parties present evidence to justify their actions, and a decision is made based on that evidence.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is a civil lawsuit?

    A:

    A civil lawsuit is a dispute between two or more people wherein all parties seek a legal ruling, according to the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. A civil case begins with a complaint filed by the plaintiff that is then served to a defendant.

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  • Q:

    What is civil liability?

    A:

    Civil liability is the potential for responsibility of payment to an aggrieved party due to the violation of a civil law, tort, or breach of contract. Civil liability differs from criminal liability in that violations of torts or contract terms do not subject the liable party to punishment for a crime, though civil liability can include punitive monetary damages or other court enforcement, such as barring further instances of harassment.

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    What is civil court?

    A:

    In a civil court, an individual or group charges a legal complaint against another individual or group, explains The Leadership Conference. Parties consist of private citizens, businesses and governments. There are no criminal charges in a civil court.

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  • Q:

    What is a civil injunction?

    A:

    A civil injunction is a court order that requires a person to do or stop doing a specific action, according to the Cornell University Law School. Some civil injunctions require that one individual not have contact with another, and these are referred to as "restraining orders."

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