A conference committee has the task of creating compromises in legislation, according to the U.S. Senate. This committee consists of members of both chambers of the legislature who convene to agree upon language or other important elements in a bill.
Members of the committee include sponsors of the bill and members of the originating committees from both the House and the Senate, according to the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine’s advocacy department. These members develop a conference report that includes the compromise changes to the bill. Both chambers vote on the changes in the conference report instead of sending the legislation back to the beginning of the lawmaking process.