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What is a communist state government?

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Quick Answer

A communist state is a system of government whereby wealth is distributed to the people based on need. Production resources are owned and controlled by the government. The government, in turn, is expected to operate for the benefit of the working class.

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Although a communist state may allow for the existence of multiple political parties, it is dominated by the Communist Party. There is no meaningful separation of powers between branches of government, and a small group of important Communist Party members operates as the head of state. Because a communist state claims to act on behalf of the people as a whole, dissent is rarely tolerated and can even be viewed as treason. The resulting lack of open political debate, as well as a history of scandal-laden elections, has prompted many historians to view communist states as little more than thinly veiled dictatorships. While economic markets may be allowed to manage themselves to a limited extent, a communist state normally advocates a carefully planned and controlled economy. In theory, maintaining control over the economy limits the extreme greed and exploitation of workers that is prevalent in capitalism. The communist ideal is that everyone works together for the common good.

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  • Q:

    What are the characteristics of a Communist government?

    A:

    The characteristics of a communist government are an equitable distribution of wealth and resources, common ownership of businesses and property, and state control of all economic and social activities. Communism’s origin is attributed to the 19th-century philosopher and economist Karl Marx.

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  • Q:

    What is a republic government?

    A:

    A republic government is a state in which the ultimate power is vested in the people who vote, and that power is carried out by representatives chosen by the citizens. It is a state in which the government leader is voted upon rather then ascending by inheritance or appointment.

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  • Q:

    What are the characteristics of a presidential government?

    A:

    The main distinguishing characteristic of the presidential form of government is that the head of government is also the head of state, leading an executive branch but not a legislative one. There are a number of countries around the world that are presidential republics with a full presidential system. The United States is one, as are Mexico and Brazil.

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  • Q:

    What is a dictatorship?

    A:

    A dictatorship is a system of government in which a single person or party has complete political power; the dictator often maintains power by employing oppressive methods. Dictatorship is an old form of government with origins in ancient Rome. Dictators often ascend to power through democratic means but use their authority to subvert constitutional safeguards.

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