Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the states. The Senate is the smaller, but more revered, chamber. Every state has two senators.
The House of Representative is considered the lower house of Congress. It was created to represent the people of the United States. At the Constitutional Convention, the creation of the House of Representatives satisfied the states with large populations, who benefited from proportional representation. Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms. The House is meant to respond to the needs and attitudes of the people, and react decisively to the exigencies of the moment. Because the House is seen as the voice of the people, it is the only body empowered to originate bills imposing taxes.
The Senate is considered the upper house of Congress. At the Constitutional Convention, its creation satisfied the smaller states, which benefited from equal representation. Senators serve six-year terms. This makes them less responsive to the momentary whims of the public. The Senate is meant to temper the impassioned, precipitous nature of the House. The Senate approves presidential appointments of federal judges, ambassadors, heads of federal agencies and cabinet-level positions.Learn More
According to the White House, legislation affects both the citizens of the United States and government officials. From emergency election of the president to bills regulating various industries and personal freedoms, there are varying forms of legislation that impact different groups of people in different ways.Full Answer >
The predominantly British tradition of barristers wearing horsehair wigs in court has a number of purposes, including the projection of authority or solemnity and the preservation of anonymity. Although many barristers see it as a negative effect, wigs also often serve to intimidate.Full Answer >
A presidential system of government is a government in which a president leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. The United States is a good example of a presidential system of government.Full Answer >
To qualify as a candidate for the office of United States Senator, the person must be at least 30 years old, must reside in the state from which he or she is elected, and must have been a U.S. citizen for a minimum of 9 years. These requirements are set forth in the U.S. Constitution.Full Answer >