Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the states. The Senate is the smaller, but more revered, chamber. Every state has two senators.Know More
The House of Representative is considered the lower house of Congress. It was created to represent the people of the United States. At the Constitutional Convention, the creation of the House of Representatives satisfied the states with large populations, who benefited from proportional representation. Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms. The House is meant to respond to the needs and attitudes of the people, and react decisively to the exigencies of the moment. Because the House is seen as the voice of the people, it is the only body empowered to originate bills imposing taxes.
The Senate is considered the upper house of Congress. At the Constitutional Convention, its creation satisfied the smaller states, which benefited from equal representation. Senators serve six-year terms. This makes them less responsive to the momentary whims of the public. The Senate is meant to temper the impassioned, precipitous nature of the House. The Senate approves presidential appointments of federal judges, ambassadors, heads of federal agencies and cabinet-level positions.Learn more about Branches of Government
Today, the two houses of Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, are broadly similar, and they both craft and vote on legislation. The House must initiate budget-related bills, and the Senate has oversight for presidential nomination.Full Answer >
The two houses of the U.S. Congress are the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives consists of 435 members selected from states based on population. The Senate has 100 members, two from each state.Full Answer >
Congress is typically divided into two annual sessions of the Senate. In 2015, the 114th Congress is in the first session, which began on January 6, 2015. The previous, 113th Congress held two sessions: January 3, 2013 to January 3, 2014 and January 3, 2014 to December 16, 2014.Full Answer >
The upper house of Congress is called the Senate. Congress has two groups of legislators, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is considered the upper house because its members have unique powers and responsibilities, such as confirming Cabinet secretaries and federal judges.Full Answer >