The Constitution is important because it protects individual freedom, and its fundamental principles govern the United States. The Constitution places the government’s power in the hands of the citizens. It limits the power of the government and establishes a system of checks and balances. It is also the framework for the freedoms that are granted to each American.
The Constitution was written during the Philadelphia Convention, which took place from May 25, 1787 to September 17, 1787. The Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787 in the Assembly Room of the Pennsylvania State House. It did not go into effect until June 21, 1788 when nine states ratified it. James Madison is often referred to as the Father of the Constitution because many of his philosophies are reflected in the document. Other prominent figures in the Constitution's drafting include Benjamin Franklin, George Washington and Alexander Hamilton.
Since its original writing, many of the initial ideas have been amended, but the purpose of the Constitution remains the same. It still stands as the law of the land in the United States and is still debated in the court system. September 17th is now observed as Constitution Day, commemorating this historic event. As of 2014, the original Constitution is located at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.