North Korea, Cuba and Zimbabwe are countries that have planned economies, as of October 2014. The largest country to have a planned economy was the Soviet Union. A planned economy, or a command economy, involves near-total government control of industries, commerce, manufacturing, output and economic activity. A large portion of a country's gross domestic product comes from government programs in a planned economy.Know More
Zimbabwe's government spending, as a percentage of the country's GDP, is 97.8 percent. That means nearly 98 percent of Zimbabwe's economic activity is due to government funding. Cuba's government spending as a percentage of GDP is 78.1 percent. North Korea's economy is almost completely based on the government's military spending.
In a command economy, the government controls production levels, prices, wages, reallocation of resources, trade and commerce. When production levels are set, the government proscribes how many people must work to achieve that output level. Once the finished products are sold, the government reallocates the money to go towards whatever projects it deems necessary.
A planned economy is the exact opposite of a free-market economy. Most countries are mixed economies with a certain percentage of a nation's GDP from government funding. By comparison, the U.S. government is responsible for 38.9 percent of the country's GDP.Learn more about Types of Government
Countries that are communist as of 2014 are Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam, China and Laos. China's communist system is tempered somewhat because it allows private entrepreneurship. Still, the state controls the country's heavy industry and is ruled by the Communist Party of China.Full Answer >
There are many countries that do not have a democracy and operate from a monarchy, socialist or communist government structure including the People's Republic of China, Saudi Arabia, Vatican City, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Cuba, North Korea, Bhutan, Qatar and Vietnam. In 2006, United States President George W. Bush announced that democracy promotion would be one of the central aims of U.S. foreign policy.Full Answer >
North Korea is one of the clearest examples of a totalitarian government operating as of 2014. Other countries with dictatorships and authoritarian rule, such as Cuba, Syria, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Belarus, could also be considered totalitarian governments.Full Answer >
North Korea and Iran are two countries with unlimited government. The American government classifies North Korea as a one-man dictatorship and Iran as a theocratic republic. Both forms of government give essentially all government power to one person with little or no limitations.Full Answer >