Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom are some of the countries that utilize representative democracies either wholly or in part. A representative democracy is a system of government in which representatives are elected to serve terms in office as representatives of their constituents.Know More
Representative democracies are typically implemented in countries where the population size is prohibitive to a direct democracy, which is a system of government in which every citizen represents himself in government decisions. Although the United States is not wholly a representative democracy, federal elected officials, such as Congress and the president, are examples of how the United States incorporates representative democracy into its government system.
Constitutions usually regulate the power of elected individuals in representative democracies, and elections are typically held among parties with competing platforms. Representative democracies usually have some sort of court system in place to insure that elected representatives do not abuse their power or attempt to make laws in areas when they are not granted the right to do so by their constitution. In order for representative democracies to be effective, they must have the correct ratio of elected officials to citizens. Some critics of the U.S. model of representative democracy say that citizens are not properly represented.Learn More
A government creates and enforces the laws that protect the rights and lives of citizens and discourages crime by punishing delinquents. Government provides an ordered, systematic way to ensure the safety of the citizenry. Without a government, people would be less likely to respect contracts and agreements with one another due to the lack of an objective way to settle disputes.Full Answer >
The term "oligarchy" refers to a form of government that concentrates power in the hands of an elite group, rather than a central figure, an elected assembly or the people at large, and the primary advantages appear to exist for the benefit of that elite group, while the disadvantages apply to the rest of the citizens who have to follow laws written to benefit that small group. Oligarchies often come about as a response to social disaster, such as the fallout in Germany after World War I or the ruling group in the fictitious country of Oceania that emerged in George Orwell's novel "1984."Full Answer >
A constitutional parliamentary democracy is a political system in which parliament selects the government through elections and is limited by constitutional laws. Through this system, the government is responsible to both the people and the parliament. Examples of constitutional parliamentary democracies include Papua New Guinea and Jamaica.Full Answer >
Bureaucracies operate on many levels in government, and agencies such as social services or the census bureau are good examples of bureaucratic leadership. Bureaucracies work through hierarchies where people with higher positions make decisions on policy. In bureaucracies no one single person is in command, and group think mentality is an approach to procedure. Bureaucracies often have private owners, a division of labor and a business-first attitude.Full Answer >