Crime negatively affects overall societal well-being in ways that go beyond the residents of the community in which the crime occurs. Members of a community may draw closer or may develop grassroots improvement opportunities as a result of crime.Know More
While the immediate effect of crime is usually felt by the individual upon whom the crime was committed, the community at large is also affected by criminal activity. High crime rates may lead to population reduction as able individuals move away to avoid victimization. Members who remain in crime-filled areas may feel unsafe in general, particularly if they witness crime. Additionally, crime rates create a negative impression about a community to those who live outside it.
Honest citizens residing in high-crime areas may struggle to find help and may face lowered housing values due to the reputation of the community. However, the emotional and physical toll of crime also may serve to empower communities in which residents are brought closer together. In such situations, community members may organize grassroots efforts to fight crime, such as watch programs that encourage citizens to report criminal activity, increased group involvement in community affairs through city council participation and voting to approve a referendum for funds to increase public safety funding and similar programs.Learn more about Crime
There is some evidence to suggest that the original group known as a "mafia" was an unofficial organization of residents on the Italian island of Sicily who grouped together to form paramilitary groups in order to defend their small island home from invaders. This militaristic origin may be responsible for the formal organizational structure, which relies on a top-down leadership structure and strict adherence to the word of superiors. However, it may be difficult to know exactly what the origins of the Sicilian mafia are, due to the mafia's code of omerta, which demands that members keep mafia activities a secret from outsiders, particularly those in positions of legal authority.Full Answer >
A fifth-degree felony in Ohio is a crime that, if convicted, carries a prison term of between six and 12 months and/or a fine of up to $2,500. Crimes that are considered class 5s in Ohio include illegal gambling, breaking and entering, and the exchange or possession of illegal items.Full Answer >
A Class 6 felony in Virginia is a crime that meets the criteria for the "felony" category with the least of authorized punishments associated with it. Class 6 felony crimes in the state of Virginia include reckless endangerment and violation of a court order.Full Answer >
Criminal identification is the cataloging of the characteristics of a person who has committed a crime for the first time or using those characteristics to identify a repeat offender. Civil identification may use some of the same characteristics to identify people who have not committed crimes but have agreed to catalogue their identifying information for civil purposes, such as joining the military, working for the federal government and naturalization.Full Answer >