A limited government is defined as a government that is set up to have limited power over its citizens. A limited government has hard restrictions set on its powers and abilities. These limits have powerful effects on both personal and economic freedom.Know More
A classic example that helps illustrate the idea of limited government is the government of the United States, which is constructed with restrictions that promote the freedoms of individuals as well as state governments. The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which comprise the Bill of Rights, place hard limits on the powers of the United States government. For example, the Bill of Rights limits the government by guaranteeing that individuals have the right to free speech and the right to keep and bear arms. Should Congress pass a law that infringes upon these rights, the Supreme Court has the power to rule that law unconstitutional.
Limited government is a spectrum, so governments may limit themselves in completely different ways and to completely different degrees and still be described as limited. Indeed, outside of outright dictatorships, most modern governments are limited to some degree. For example, a government with no limiting provisions except for one that guarantees a fair trial still falls under the spectrum of limited government.Learn more about Types of Government
The disadvantages of a unitary system include a lack of power balances, the possibility for slow national response because the national government must control everything, the lack of power in the local government and a lack of representation among its citizens. The British government is a unitary system and the United States government is a federalist system.Full Answer >
A confederal government is a form of government in which sovereign states delegate power to a centralized government. The central government is weaker than the states, and states can choose to follow the lead of the central government or not. The powers of the central government are typically limited to defense and foreign commerce.Full Answer >
Representative democracy is a governmental structure based upon citizens electing representatives to serve on their behalf. Representative democracy contrasts with direct democracy, in which citizens directly manage the affairs of the government.Full Answer >
Voting gives citizens a voice in the government, allowing them to choose leaders and decide on issues. Some elections are very close, so each vote matters in an election.Full Answer >