A limited government is defined as a government that is set up to have limited power over its citizens. A limited government has hard restrictions set on its powers and abilities. These limits have powerful effects on both personal and economic freedom.Know More
A classic example that helps illustrate the idea of limited government is the government of the United States, which is constructed with restrictions that promote the freedoms of individuals as well as state governments. The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which comprise the Bill of Rights, place hard limits on the powers of the United States government. For example, the Bill of Rights limits the government by guaranteeing that individuals have the right to free speech and the right to keep and bear arms. Should Congress pass a law that infringes upon these rights, the Supreme Court has the power to rule that law unconstitutional.
Limited government is a spectrum, so governments may limit themselves in completely different ways and to completely different degrees and still be described as limited. Indeed, outside of outright dictatorships, most modern governments are limited to some degree. For example, a government with no limiting provisions except for one that guarantees a fair trial still falls under the spectrum of limited government.Learn more about Types of Government
A federal republic is a form of government in which citizens elect officials to run the government according to laws that restrict the power of the central government and vest regional units with a degree of autonomy. The federation’s component regions can consist of states, colonies or provinces.Full Answer >
A confederal government is a form of government in which sovereign states delegate power to a centralized government. The central government is weaker than the states, and states can choose to follow the lead of the central government or not. The powers of the central government are typically limited to defense and foreign commerce.Full Answer >
Representative democracy is a governmental structure based upon citizens electing representatives to serve on their behalf. Representative democracy contrasts with direct democracy, in which citizens directly manage the affairs of the government.Full Answer >
Some positive aspects of democracy are its inclusion of diverse perspectives, its beneficial effects on citizens' character and the stability that it provides to government. As stated by the U.S. Department of State, these positive aspects allow democratically governed nations to better secure peace, expand markets, promote economic development, prevent international crime, uphold human rights, protect the global environment and protect human health.Full Answer >