According to the University of Texas, delegated powers consist of the powers that the U.S. Constitution grants to the federal government. The U.S. Constitution grants separate powers to the states.
The powers that the federal government possesses include the power to declare war, raise an army and to support a navy. It also has the ability to incur and pay debts, impose immigration regulations, create foreign trade regulations and print money.
According to the National Conference of State Legislators, the separation of powers doctrine allows Congress and state legislatures to delegate some powers. The Supreme Court agreed in 1989, stating that Congress should outline general policy and the boundaries of delegated authority.