Democracy has been criticized for perceived weaknesses that include irrational voters, wealth disparity, political instability, and potential oppression by the majority. The Greek philosophers Socrates and Plato, as well as U.S. President James Madison, voiced complaints about democracy.Know More
Both Socrates and Plato shared similar criticisms of democracy, suggesting that it gives an equal voice to those who do and don't deserve to be heard. Socrates went even further, implying that the very nature of democracy makes the system corrupt. Irrational voters, those who are uninformed about political and economic issues, can poorly interpret information presented to them and thus make ignorant decisions when they vote.
Socrates also argued that a majority would inevitably do a poorer job of governing than a few capable people with the necessary knowledge. This situation would result in government policies being influenced by non-experts, compromising their effectiveness. Plato favored a form of aristocracy called "Kallipolis" that would be led by philosopher-kings, wise men who governed unwillingly.
U.S. President James Madison suggested that republics were superior to democracies, as they safeguarded against the tyranny of the majority. In the Federalist Papers, he attests that democracies aren't compatible with protecting property rights or personal security. Madison goes on to say that they are generally short-lived and end violently.Learn more about Types of Government
There is no formal list of countries that are considered modern oligarchies. Since an oligarchy is merely a government that is ruled by a small, usually elite, group of people, arguments can be made that many countries are actually oligarchies, especially in a world culture that is increasingly focused on economical development on a global scale.Full Answer >
The primary advantage of a parliamentary system is that it makes the government accountable to the citizens for the decisions it makes by creating a group to monitor its performance. It also provides an out through a no-confidence clause that could scrap a government doing a poor job and call for re-elections.Full Answer >
A good example of a country with an autocratic government is the Russian Empire before the February Revolution in 1917. An autocracy is a government in which one person has absolute power, and the tsar of Russia had such power.Full Answer >
A parliamentary form of government is a democratic one where the head of state and head of government are held by different people and the executive and legislative branches of government are linked. The executive and legislative branches are linked because the executive branch gets its power from the legislative branch and is held accountable for their actions by them as well.Full Answer >