The Enlightenment influenced society in the areas of politics, philosophy, religion and the arts. Both the American and French Revolutions were based on Enlightenment ideals.Know More
The Age of Enlightenment, which lasted throughout much of the 17th and 18th centuries, was an intellectual movement which resulted in overturning many old ideas. Leading European thinkers advocated for personal freedoms and free thought. The Enlightenment is sometimes called the Age of Reason because of its emphasis on rationality. Enlightenment thinkers did not trust the established authorities, such as monarchies of the church. They believed individuals could find truth for themselves and improve society by looking to science, reasoning, and dialogue.
This mistrust of authority and faith in the rational abilities of the common man resulted in profound political change, not only in Europe, but across the world. The leaders of the American Revolution were acting on Enlightenment principles when they overthrew the British government and demanded independence. The French Revolution was also an attempt to overcome absolute authority and usher in a new age.
The effects of the Enlightenment are still felt today. The founding fathers established the United States according to Enlightenment ideals. For example, the separation of the government into three branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial, and the system of checks and balances was originally developed by French Enlightenment thinker Montesquieu. The system holds the authorities accountable to the people, and is an implementation of the Enlightenment theory that governments should exist only by the will of the governed.Learn more about Foreign Laws
Religion is important to society because it helps to regulate behavior. Religion teaches people specific rules, laws and morals to follow.Full Answer >
The influence of trends within society is extremely significant to how companies are managed, given that all companies are basically made up of employees and customers who are a part of society. According to BusinessGrow.com, the most significant trend in society is the evolution of social technologies, which are based on the Internet. Social technologies have greatly transformed how companies manage their staff and how they market their products.Full Answer >
Religion does play a role in society, though the extent of its role is dependent on the structure and dynamics of the population. Religion was a theme noted many times in the U.S. Constitution, which ensures the ability of an American to exercise religious freedom.Full Answer >
Ageism influences the presence of diversity in society by devaluing the opinions and experiences of older adults and promoting the stereotype of older adults as dependent on others. Ageism impacts diversity by privileging the capabilities, opinions and interests of younger people over older people.Full Answer >