Kim Il-sung came to power in North Korea after World War II through the influence of the Soviet Union. Kim fought alongside the Soviets during that war, and Stalin appointed him as head of the Provisional People's Committee, an organization that became the ruling party in North Korea.Know More
After fighting a guerrilla war against the Japanese in Korea during the 1930s, Kim retreated to the Soviet Union, where he joined the Red Army and rose to the rank of major. Following the Allied victory in World War II, the Soviet army occupied Korea north of the 38th parallel. Stalin installed Kim as the head of the Korean Communist Party and then of the Provisional People's Committee, which governed the Soviet-occupied area of Korea. He began to form the Korean People's Army to consolidate his power.
On Sept. 9, 1945, Kim defied a United Nations plan to hold elections throughout Korea by declaring himself Prime Minister of an independent Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or North Korea. The next month, the USSR recognized Kim's government as the legitimate authority not only in North Korea, but throughout the Korean peninsula. Kim consolidated his power by forming the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, a political movement in which his party took the dominant role.
Additionally, Kim promoted a cult of personality, calling himself "Dear Leader" and creating posters and statues to display his accomplishments and authority.Learn more about Types of Government
Some countries that have oligarchy governments include China, North Korea and Venezuela. The former Soviet Union was also considered to be an oligarchy. An oligarchy is a kind of government in which either a few people or a dominant group has all the power.Full Answer >
Dictators come to power primarily during times of national weakness, such as economic downturns and during national emergencies. During national struggles, dictators emerge as powerful and confident leaders offering to provide fellow citizens with guidance and direction.Full Answer >
A unitary state keeps all power under the control of the central government, while a federal state splits power between central authorities and local or regional governments. Typically, a federal state has a constitution or other supreme law of the land that outlines the powers granted to both the central and local governments. The United States is an example of a federal state.Full Answer >
Countries that actually refer to themselves in some way as social democracies or democratic socialist nations in their respective constitutions include Bangladesh, India, North Korea, Portugal, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. Noticeably absent from the list are European nations that are traditionally considered the models of democratic socialist countries. This may be because democratic socialism is more of an ideal than a specific practice.Full Answer >