The Radical Republicans, a faction of the Republican Party that existed around the time of the Civil War, believed in the unconditional abolition of slavery and the punishment of those who engaged in the practice. They felt Lincoln took a too conservative approach to the war and advocated for more vigorous military activity. They also opposed the compensation of former slave owners and voted for harsh Reconstruction plans.Know More
One of the chief differences between the Radicals and moderate Republicans like Lincoln was in their views on readmittance of slave states to the Union. While Lincoln favored a plan that required only 10 percent of a former Confederate state's population to swear fealty to the Union and abide by emancipation, the Radicals demanded a majority of the population take an "ironclad oath" that they had never supported the Confederacy and that anyone who refused be denied the right to vote. They also wanted to disband the plantation system, redistribute land and guarantee civil rights for former slaves.
Outside of the slavery question, the beliefs of Radical Republicans were varied. The party was a single-issue party and attracted former Whigs, Democrats and members of many different groups. This diversity of political opinion helped keep the group disorganized and led to their eventual collapse in the 1870s.Learn More
The Northern states supported the Republican Party that was formed in 1854. The party was founded by anti-slavery Whigs who convened in the upper midwestern states on October 20, 1854.Full Answer >
The Republican Party is referred to as the GOP, which stands for Grand Old Party. Previously known as the Gallant Old Party, the GOP uses the elephant as its party mascot.Full Answer >
As of 2014, a majority of Republicans are in favor of expanding enforcement of current immigration law and giving more authority to state and local governments to carry out enforcement. Republicans also generally oppose legislation that would provide a path to citizenship or legal status for current illegal immigrants but support those immigrants who enter the country legally.Full Answer >
Democrats generally prefer laws and concepts oriented toward providing government services to the public, while Republicans favor free market solutions for public needs. Republicans favor low taxes and high military spending, while Democrats allow for reasonable tax increases and high public and education spending, according to Diffen.Full Answer >