The Treaty of Versailles brought an end to World War I, making peace between Germany and the Allies. However, its treatment of Germany laid the foundation for many of the problems that led to World War II.Know More
The negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles had much to do with the views that Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George and Georges Clemenceau, the leaders of the United States, Great Britain and France, respectively, had about the treatment of Germany. While Lloyd George publicly advocated strict sanctions against Germany, privately he felt that Germany should be left strong enough to stand as a wall against Communism, which many thought would spread like a flame across Europe after its success against the tsars in Russia. However, suggesting any mercy for the Germans would have been politically suicidal.
Clemenceau represented the French view that Germany should be so handcuffed that it could never instigate another war. The utter destruction of northeastern France was a testament to the cruelty of German warfare, and his belief was that Germany should never have the tools of war at its disposal again.
Wilson had been shocked at the outright savagery of the Great War, and while he wanted Germany to be punished, he also wanted ultimate European reconciliation.
As a result, the treaty limited Germany's army to 100,000 and forbade tanks or an air force. Some of the territory that Germany lost took away vital natural resources for its economy. Most importantly, Germany was ultimately ordered to pay 6.6 billion pounds in reparations. The Germans had no part in the negotiations, but since their military was in a shambles, it had to sign. The resulting anger in Germany led to the rise of the Nazi Party and Germany's attempt, in World War II, to gain revenge on the victors in World War I.Learn more about Politics
The purpose of the Treaty of Versailles, outside of establishing guidelines for continued peace, was to put strict treaty obligations on Germany in hopes of preventing further war and make the country pay reparations for the damages caused during the war. One of the key points of the treaty was the War Guilt Clause, making Germany accept that they held complete responsibility for initiating World War I.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany by taking away territories and overseas colonies, reducing the size of the nation's army and forcing Germany to pay reparations. Essentially, Germany was forced to take the blame for World War I.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles imposed reparations on Germany and reduced both its land and population, stirring feelings of resentment that contributed to Germany's instigation of World War II. The treaty placed limits on the German military meant to reduce the possibility of further German aggression. However, the treaty left Germany with sufficient political unity and economic vitality to enable its conquests during the Second World War.Full Answer >
Many Americans opposed the Treaty of Versailles because the provision of joining a League of Nations meant an end to America's pre-war isolationism and an ongoing era of global involvement. In addition, German Americans felt the punitive reparations demanded of Germany were too severe, Italian Americans felt that Italy should have been awarded more territory, and Irish Americans felt that the treaty should have included the independence of Ireland.Full Answer >