The main difference between bicameral and unicameral legislatures is that bicameral legislatures pass laws out of two chambers while unicameral legislatures do so out of one. At the federal level around the world, unicameral legislatures outnumber bicameral legislatures 115 to 64.Know More
The federal government of the United States follows a bicameral system by dividing Congress into the Senate and the House of Representatives. The U.K. Parliament with its House of Lords and House of Commons is also bicameral. The Riksdag of Sweden and the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China are examples of unicameral assemblies.
Unicameral legislatures tend to pass laws quickly, and they offer greater accountability because there is no opposing side that can be blamed for mistakes or deadlock. Single-chamber governments can sometimes be run with fewer representatives, thereby saving taxpayers money. In contrast, bicameral legislatures facilitate discussion over important issues, restrain majority parties, block the passage of frivolous laws and deliver enhanced oversight over the executive branch. Many dual-chamber governments were formed to ensure voter representation across different social classes, ethnic groups or regional interests.
Within the United States, only Nebraska possesses a unicameral state legislature. Unicameralism has been proposed in the states of New York, Maine and Minnesota.Learn more about Types of Government
The advantages of a bicameral legislature include stability, more varied representation and the passing of quality legislation. The disadvantages include deadlock and unequal representation. A majority of the countries in the world have bicameral legislatures.Full Answer >
There is no common set of laws within a dictatorship because the laws are always decided by the dictator himself. Most dictators enact laws that are meant to better the country, but the actual benefit of such laws is subjective.Full Answer >
A democracy is a government in which the people possess the ultimate power, while a dictatorship is a government in which the ruler possesses all the power. The exercise of power in a democracy varies, as the people may exercise their own voting power directly or through elected representatives through a free system of voting.Full Answer >
Although both federal and confederate governments are multilateral systems of government that entail a central government as well as smaller state or municipal governments, a federal system assigns more power to the central government, whereas a confederate system reserves most of the power for the states. In a confederation, the central government has no power to tax the people or enforce laws.Full Answer >