Q:

What is the difference between classical and modern liberalism?

A:

Quick Answer

Classical and modern liberalism vary in several ways: classical liberalism emphasizes a smaller role of the central government in citizens' lives, and advocates the dual values of private property and private life, while modern liberalism supports an active role of government and advocates fair treatment and strong social support for all members of society. The development of classical liberalism dates back to the 18th century and emphasizes freedom in several aspects for all citizens, including freedom of personal property management, economic endeavors and money management. Modern liberalism, also called socialism, discourages holding private property when doing so disfavors certain segments of the population and calls for government supervision of domestic economic affairs.

Know More

Full Answer

Even within the categories of classical liberalism and modern liberalism, different subgroups and factions exist. Classical liberalism, for instance, divides into left-leaning and right-leaning groups. Some advocate for a virtually non-existent government presence, preferring giving citizens full control on affairs concerning their personal properties and economic transactions. Others support minimal government intervention, accepting government oversight for some economic stability and tax collection. The 19th century brought a revision of the classical liberal theory, with advocates accepting the change of power from a federal government to individual state governments. Modern liberalism advocates closing the gap between rich and poor, supporting agencies like social welfare and equal rights, which equally distribute rights and protection for all citizens.

Learn more about Politics

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Has the government explored all of its options to reduce the national debt?

    A:

    The government has not explored all of its options for reducing the national debt. For instance, there have been no significant cuts to the Social Security program as of 2015. Over a 10-year period, a 15 percent cut in Social Security benefits could reduce national debt by $188 billion.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between a policy and a strategy?

    A:

    A policy is defined as a definite course of action, whereas a strategy is an educated method or a series of maneuvers dedicated to a specific result. Policies tend to be a requirement dictated by a higher order, while strategies may be used in an attempt to follow a policy.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between a prime minister and a president?

    A:

    A prime minister is often an element of a parliamentary government, while constitutional republics have presidents. Their roles and degree of power differ substantially from one country to another. In constitutional monarchies, like the United Kingdom, the prime minister often assumes the role of a chief executive while the official executive—the monarch—only holds symbolic authority. In other countries, like France and Russia, the prime minister and president share power.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a confederate government?

    A:

    A confederate government is a group of states, nations or territories that are joined together by a central government that has limited powers of authority. With a weaker central government, the individual state or nation governments retain a strong sense of independence.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore