The University of California at Berkeley notes that common law is uncodified, which means that there is not a complete collection of legal statues and rules, while civil law is codified. As of 2014, a majority of nations follow either common law or civil law.Know More
Common law is mostly based on precedent even though it does depend on various legislative decisions, notes the University of California at Berkeley. Precedents are noted in court records and historically documented in legal reports and yearbooks. Common law is also considered to be an adversarial system in which two separate parties go before a judge and jury. The judge and jury work together to determine the final sentencing.
According to the University of California at Berkeley, nations that have a civil law system go by a legal system that is continuously updated to determine applicable procedures, appropriate sentences and which matters can be brought before a court. Examples of the different types of categories of law include procedural law, substantive law and penal law. The judge decides on case facts and applies the correct code that matches the case. The judge is required to operate within legal parameters established by a set of laws.Learn more about Law
Family law addresses the rules, regulations and court processes involving the family unit, according to an article on FindLaw. As such, family law deals with marriage, divorce, property obligations, paternity, and child custody and support. It also handles adoption, guardianship, domestic partnerships, foster care, emancipation and reproductive rights.Full Answer >
Ethics and law differ in that ethics are social guidelines based on moral principles and values while laws are rules and regulations that have specific penalties and consequences when violated. Ethics do not have punishments, fines or associated penalties when people fail to abide by them while laws do. Both set standards of expected societal actions, but laws enforce actions while ethics set forth social guidelines.Full Answer >
Civil liability is the potential for responsibility of payment to an aggrieved party due to the violation of a civil law, tort, or breach of contract. Civil liability differs from criminal liability in that violations of torts or contract terms do not subject the liable party to punishment for a crime, though civil liability can include punitive monetary damages or other court enforcement, such as barring further instances of harassment.Full Answer >
A civil judgment gives the details of which party wins in a court case -- the plaintiff or the defendant -- and defines what that party gets from the other. A civil judgment is the official court record documenting the disposition of a civil case.Full Answer >