Common law and statutory law are two systems of law used in the American judicial system. Common law is based on prior court decisions while statutory law is made by the legislature.Know More
Common law, also known as case law, allows judges to render decisions based on the rulings of earlier cases. Common law is guided by the regulations set forth in federal or state statutes, but it does not rely exclusively on those written laws.
Statutory law refers to the written law established by the legislative branch of the government. Statutes may be enacted by both federal and state governments and must adhere to the rules set in the Constitution. Proposed statutes are reviewed by the legislature prior to being enacted into law.Learn more about Law
According to the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, natural law refers to those laws that derive their legitimacy from moral reasoning and are based on what is believed to serve the best interests of the common good while positive laws are those that obtain their legitimacy through legislative means and are enforced by civil or political authority. Based on a strict interpretation of natural law, any legal statute that conflicts with natural law is unjust and should not be obeyed. According to positive legal theory, the legitimacy of a law is not relevant to its morality, but rather stems from the power of the authority that enacted it.Full Answer >
Equity establishes justice if common law is inadequate in certain circumstances, according to Cornell University Law School. The equity route is only an option when legal recourse has been exhausted.Full Answer >
A "stand your ground" law gives citizens the right to defend themselves in certain circumstances without the duty to first retreat. Under this law, citizens have the right to use force to defend themselves in instances of imminent danger without first attempting to flee, according to Find Law.Full Answer >
Every state has a statute of limitations for medical bills, which are considered to be written contracts, according to About.com. Statute of limitations vary by state and can last for as few as 3 years or up to 10 to 15 years in some states.Full Answer >