A democracy is a government in which the people possess the ultimate power, while a dictatorship is a government in which the ruler possesses all the power. The exercise of power in a democracy varies, as the people may exercise their own voting power directly or through elected representatives through a free system of voting.Know More
The Greek city-state of Athens was known for being the first major democracy. Citizens would come together and vote on the decisions that faced them. In representative democracies like the United States, Great Britain and other countries, people elect representatives to make their decisions for them. These representatives gather in legislative bodies to make decisions for them. The British House of Commons and the American House of Representatives all consist of elected officials who represent specific voting districts in making their nation's decisions.
Perhaps the most infamous dictatorship of the 20th century was Nazi Germany, governed by Adolf Hitler. As long as he was alive, the entire nation followed his lead, as the country attempted to conquer all of Europe as a first step toward global domination, in addition to purging Europe of such "undesirables" as the Jews, Gypsies and homosexuals. The entire nation followed the lead of one man, which fits the definition of a dictatorship perfectly.Learn more about Types of Government
A dictatorship is a system of government in which a single person or party has complete political power; the dictator often maintains power by employing oppressive methods. Dictatorship is an old form of government with origins in ancient Rome. Dictators often ascend to power through democratic means but use their authority to subvert constitutional safeguards.Full Answer >
Elections give the power to the people and enable them to choose their leaders who make decisions on their behalf. Other forms of government like dictatorships do not have this option.Full Answer >
Totalitarianism is a form of government where the state has total power, but in a democracy, the people of a country (or region) vote to elect leaders who act on their behalf. A totalitarianism government typically has a dictator that leads it, like Benito Mussolini in Italy during World War II.Full Answer >
The difference between a decentralized and centralized government lies in how power is distributed. In a centralized government, power rests in the hands of a select few while in a decentralized government, it rests in the hands of many.Full Answer >