The main difference between a duke and an earl is that a duke is of a higher rank than an earl. The duke is ranked third in the royal hierarchy, under the prince and ruling monarch, whereas an earl is generally ranked sixth.Know More
A duke is the most senior noble and is generally not a member of the royal family. The word duke comes from the Latin term dux which means leader or commander. Traditionally, dukes were appointed by the king as leader of a specific territory, acting as a delegate to uphold the king's law. The title of duke is hereditary.
The terms earl and count are used interchangeably and stand for the same noble title. An earl is a member of intermediate nobility. In both the Western and Eastern Roman Empires, this title referred to a military commander in charge of a large number of people. During the Middle Ages and after, the title and duties associated with it became more vague. In Anglo-Saxon England, earls acted as landlords, collected taxes and exercised judicial power over the villages under their control. The English Monarchy created the earl system to preserve the royal hierarchy while still being able to enforce law. Generally, earls were appointed by the king, though the title was passed to an heir with the king's approval. Earls in modern times are a more ambiguous member of the nobility that often acts an advisior of sorts to the current monarch.Learn more about Types of Government
Russian Communism advocated a workers' revolution, while Chinese Communism refocused its philosophy toward a peasant revolution. The former also proposed coexistence with capitalism, while the latter refused that notion and remained aggressive toward the USA as its imperialist enemy. These differences led to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s.Full Answer >
A bicameral legislature is divided into two separate law-making bodies, an upper and lower chamber, while a unicameral legislature comprises a single congressional house. A bicameral system requires both chambers to cast a majority vote to pass a law, while a unicameral system decides, as one body, whether to approve or reject a proposed bill.Full Answer >
In terms of constitutional rights, there is no real difference between a commonwealth and a state in the United States. “Commonwealth” is an old term that has largely been replaced with the title of “state.”Full Answer >
A state is an independent political entity with clear geographic boundaries, and a nation is a large population that shares the same culture. Sometimes, although not always, these two entities overlap. When a homogeneous group of people with a common culture have their own independent government and recognized boundaries, the entity is called a nation-state.Full Answer >