Marx developed many of the ideas that eventually became Russian Communism, but Lenin was the one to implement those ideas. Both leaders believed that workers should control their own fate instead of relying on the rich and powerful.
Marx believed that revolutions would take place spontaneously in advanced, industrialized states. Instead, the revolution he started took place in Russia.
Since Russia was populated mostly by peasant farmers, Lenin focused on industrial development. He believed that capitalist countries avoided revolution by forming new colonies and bringing enough wealth home to keep the population happy. Lenin also believed that an organized political party led by wealthier, more educated people is needed to form a revolution. These people were called bourgeoisie. Lenin formed a dictatorship that Marx probably would have been opposed to. Marx wanted all people to have the same wealth and opportunities.Learn More
A government creates and enforces the laws that protect the rights and lives of citizens and discourages crime by punishing delinquents. Government provides an ordered, systematic way to ensure the safety of the citizenry. Without a government, people would be less likely to respect contracts and agreements with one another due to the lack of an objective way to settle disputes.Full Answer >
The term "oligarchy" refers to a form of government that concentrates power in the hands of an elite group, rather than a central figure, an elected assembly or the people at large, and the primary advantages appear to exist for the benefit of that elite group, while the disadvantages apply to the rest of the citizens who have to follow laws written to benefit that small group. Oligarchies often come about as a response to social disaster, such as the fallout in Germany after World War I or the ruling group in the fictitious country of Oceania that emerged in George Orwell's novel "1984."Full Answer >
A constitutional parliamentary democracy is a political system in which parliament selects the government through elections and is limited by constitutional laws. Through this system, the government is responsible to both the people and the parliament. Examples of constitutional parliamentary democracies include Papua New Guinea and Jamaica.Full Answer >
Bureaucracies operate on many levels in government, and agencies such as social services or the census bureau are good examples of bureaucratic leadership. Bureaucracies work through hierarchies where people with higher positions make decisions on policy. In bureaucracies no one single person is in command, and group think mentality is an approach to procedure. Bureaucracies often have private owners, a division of labor and a business-first attitude.Full Answer >