A state is an independent political entity with clear geographic boundaries, and a nation is a large population that shares the same culture. Sometimes, although not always, these two entities overlap. When a homogeneous group of people with a common culture have their own independent government and recognized boundaries, the entity is called a nation-state.Know More
A state has different defining characteristics compared to a nation. A state issues money and has a bureaucracy that provides services to its citizens. It also has recognition from other states. One of the key differences between a state and a nation is that a state has the right to enter into agreements with other states.
Nations have a population that shares the same language, traditions and religion. This is not necessarily true of states. States often have diverse populations consisting of various groups, or nations. One example of a diverse state is Canada. Although the majority of the country is English-speaking, a large minority speaks French and has different cultural traditions than the majority. Belgium, which has a French-speaking population and a population that speaks Dutch, is another example.
Some nations cross the boundaries of two or more states. An example is the Kurdish nation, which has members in the states of Iraq and Turkey.Learn more about Types of Government
A federal system of government is one in which a nation is ruled by a central government under which there are smaller subdivisions of government. It is a two-tiered system of government.Full Answer >
The constitution of a nation is the set of rules that governs how a government can exercise power. The constitution usually allocates different powers to various institutions and determines how they should exercise their powers. It is important to have rules that regulate how a government exercises its power because a government is usually the most powerful coercive force within a country.Full Answer >
Aristocracy can be seen in both a positive and negative light since it can be considered a pro to allow the most educated people in a nation to make the biggest decisions regarding that nation, yet it can be considered a con to allow a few people to make important decisions for an entire people. In today's democratic world, the term aristocracy is typically considered negative because it often means that a small, wealthy portion of the population is controlling the entire nation, leading to a disparity in individual rights.Full Answer >
The concept of tribal rule refers to the ability of a group of a singular culture or ethnicity to enact their own government while within the borders of another nation. Groups like Native American tribes have their own systems of governance separate from the U.S. government.Full Answer >