In political representation, an instructed delegate is a representative who acts according to the wishes of his constituents, while a trustee exercises his own judgment. The delegate model of representation often applies to situations in which the represented bodies are independent entities with conflicting interests. The trustee model of representation is the norm for representative bodies within a nation.Know More
The delegate and trustee models of representation are highly contrasting. Delegates carry out instructions or orders from those whom they represent. They cast a vote or make a decision as their constituents would have them do, even when it conflicts with their private opinion. This representation is common in international relations, in which the political body represented is a sovereign nation or a government. Ambassadors and representatives to the United Nations, for example, do not shape treaties or cast votes as they wish, but as the president instructs. These situations are characterized by independent and competing states.
Trustees vote their conscience. Representatives at national legislatures tend to employ the trustee model. In these situations, the legislature or other deliberative body acts as the voice of a single nation. Although the representatives come from different states or provinces, their intention is not exclusively to further the interest of their constituency, but to achieve the collective good of the entire country.Learn more about Law
A stipulated judgment is when both parties in civil court case agree to settle their dispute, and the judge signs a legal document reflecting the parties’ agreement. A stipulated judgment is also called a consent decree or a consent judgment.Full Answer >
Specific rules regarding filing a judgment vary slightly from state to state. Generally, to begin the process of filing a judgment, a person must submit the appropriate forms to the local county clerk's office.Full Answer >
In the field of law, a cross motion refers to the movement of a second party in response to a motion for action filed from the opposing party requesting action for a judgment on an issue at hand. Submitting a cross motion lets one party contest the actions of the other party, provided the cross-motioning party presents evidence within a strict time frame. To submit a cross motion, parties must include certain content, including a Notice of Motion, affidavit and supporting documentation, say experts with the New York City Civil Court.Full Answer >
A judgment against a person is when a judge orders that a one party owes another party a sum of money. A judgment can be given from a company, a creditor or an individual.Full Answer >