Jurisdiction refers to whether a court has the legal authority to hear a case, and venue refers to where a court case will be heard. In a civil case (a dispute between two parties), venue is determined by where the parties live or where the original dispute arose. In a criminal case, the venue is determined by where the alleged crime occurred.
Jurisdiction and venue are both defined by state or federal law. If a court has jurisdiction of a legal matter, the judge may, if one of the parties to the case makes a request or on the court’s own initiative, determine that venue is not appropriate.
Venue in a civil case may be changed if neither party lives or does business in the jurisdiction where the case is being heard. Venue may also be changed for the convenience of the witnesses in a civil case.
In a criminal case, requests for change of venue are typically based on pre-trial publicity given that the defendant wants the case moved to an area where the jury pool has not had pre-trial media exposure. Changes of venue are granted or denied at the discretion of the trial judge, but both civil and criminal parties may appeal an adverse venue decision.Learn More
A preliminary examination is a court hearing in which the prosecutor must prove to the judge that there is enough evidence and probable cause for a case to go to trial, according to Cornell University Law School. The hearing does not determine the guilt of the defendant.Full Answer >
Finding a court date involves finding the jurisdiction of a case, finding the case number and looking it up online. Failing to appear in court on the scheduled date may lead one to lose the case, pay a fine or even get arrested.Full Answer >
A disposition date in court is the date a case is actually closed. Both civil and criminal court cases have disposition dates although courts use different terminology. Some courts use terms like “closed,” “resolved” or “judgment” instead of disposition date.Full Answer >
Prepare for small claims court by gathering the necessary information or supporting documentation that assists with the case. Many variables exist depending if one is the plaintiff or defendant in the case. Ensure that the court’s original paperwork for filing is available for both the plaintiff and the defendant, states the Harris County Justice of the Peace Courts.Full Answer >