Jurisdiction refers to whether a court has the legal authority to hear a case, and venue refers to where a court case will be heard. In a civil case (a dispute between two parties), venue is determined by where the parties live or where the original dispute arose. In a criminal case, the venue is determined by where the alleged crime occurred.Know More
Jurisdiction and venue are both defined by state or federal law. If a court has jurisdiction of a legal matter, the judge may, if one of the parties to the case makes a request or on the court’s own initiative, determine that venue is not appropriate.
Venue in a civil case may be changed if neither party lives or does business in the jurisdiction where the case is being heard. Venue may also be changed for the convenience of the witnesses in a civil case.
In a criminal case, requests for change of venue are typically based on pre-trial publicity given that the defendant wants the case moved to an area where the jury pool has not had pre-trial media exposure. Changes of venue are granted or denied at the discretion of the trial judge, but both civil and criminal parties may appeal an adverse venue decision.Learn more about Law
A court case that establishes important legal standards or practices is referred to as a landmark case, according to The Law Dictionary. Landmark cases have significant impact on judicial proceedings by prompting the creation of new laws or legal precedents or instigating changes in existing case law.Full Answer >
The simplest way to find court case results would be to look at the court docket after the case is over. The docket can be located at the local courthouse.Full Answer >
The ability to change court dates depends on the rules of the jurisdiction that the court is held in. Many times, a court date can be changed if one of the lawyers is unavailable or if there is some type of pending emergency with someone involved in the case.Full Answer >
Appellate jurisdiction refers to a higher court's power to review, revise, overturn or affirm decisions made by lower courts, according to USLegal. Most of the time, appellate courts simply review cases to ensure no errors were made. The appellate process begins when one of the parties in a case files an appeal and states the grounds for the appeal.Full Answer >