There are three basic types of elections in the United States: primary, general and special. Elections are held on the federal level to elect the president and Congressional leaders while state and local elections are used to elect governors, state legislators and local office holders.Know More
Primary elections are used to narrow the number of candidates down to just the party leaders. Primaries are sometimes referred to as "nominating primary" elections, and the winners of a primary election move on to the next election round, which is the general election. General elections are held on the Tuesday that follows the first Monday in November. General elections are only held in even-numbered years
Special elections are sometimes required when an elected official dies, resigns or is removed from an office. Special elections may also be held to address a special issue that arises that is seen as too urgent to wait for the next general election.
With the exception of North Dakota, all states require that voters be registered to vote. Voters can vote in person at a local polling place, or voters can cast their votes by mailing in an absentee ballot or returning an absentee ballot if unable to make it to the polling place on election day.Learn more about Elections
A gubernatorial election is important because it determines the chief executive officer for the state. The chief executive, by appointing heads of various state agencies and boards and by working with the state legislature, determines the allocation of scarce public resources.Full Answer >
For the most part, congressional elections take place on Election Day, which is the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, every even-numbered year. Special elections may be held on other dates, and each state can set its own primary elections to determine the final candidates.Full Answer >
It is important for people to vote in elections as doing so increases the chance that the politician representing them reflects their views. In addition, exercising the right to vote is an effective way to strive for political equality.Full Answer >
In 1845, the United States Congress selected the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as the universal election day for federal elections; the motivations behind this choice are related to technological limitations on elections that made immediate vote tallying and communication difficult. Having election days on Tuesdays also avoids potential interference in voting ability for religious people who recognize a sabbath day on which they may be restricted from traveling to a polling location or performing work-like duties such as voting.Full Answer >