In a judicial system, jurisdiction is broadly classified into three categories: personal jurisdiction, territorial jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction denotes the authority over an individual; territorial jurisdiction refers to the authority over a limited region; and subject matter jurisdiction is the authority over the issue at hand. In the United States, personal and subject matter jurisdictions are the main types of judicial authority.Know More
In law, jurisdiction is the power granted to a formal judicial body to resolve lawsuits and issue pronouncements to legally carry out its verdicts. Jurisdiction also refers to the established boundary wherein the proper exercise of lawful authority is confined.
Personal jurisdiction, or "in personam" in legal jargon, can be enforced by a court over the litigants or defendants involved in a civil or criminal proceeding, notwithstanding their location. Territorial jurisdiction is a court's power to render a decision regarding certain incidents that transpired within a bounded geographical area, encompassing all those who were present at that time and place. Subject matter jurisdiction, or "in rem" jurisdiction, requires that all the details, concerning the subject matter of the lawsuit, be made available so the court can render an appropriate resolution. In the federal judicial system in the U.S., the subject matter jurisdiction is further divided into a "federal question jurisdiction," "supplemental jurisdiction" and "diversity jurisdiction."Learn more about Law
The four types of justice are distributive, procedural, restorative and retributive. The four categories of justice descend from Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, who sought to define the good life for individuals and the larger body politic.Full Answer >
According to California State University Stanislaus University Library, the United States features three basic types of laws: statutory, regulatory and case. Statutory laws are created by the legislative branch, regulatory laws originate from the executive branch and case law comes from the judiciary. Legislative laws are known by different terms depending on the timeline of their adoption.Full Answer >
Employment law covers topics that concern employees and their right to a fair and just workplace, states the National Employment Lawyers Association. This includes cases that involve discrimination, workers' compensation, privacy rights, sexual harassment, wrongful termination, workplace safety, employee benefits and similar labor-related concerns.Full Answer >
The different types of court hearings include those heard by the circuit court, the district court, the small claims court, the probate court, the court of claims, the court of appeals, the supreme court and the bankruptcy court. Each court has a different function within the judicial system, and hears different cases, or, in some cases, may review cases from one of the other courts.Full Answer >