Q:

What are the different types of jurisdiction?

A:

In a  judicial system, jurisdiction is broadly classified into three categories: personal jurisdiction, territorial jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction  denotes the  authority over an individual;  territorial jurisdiction refers to the  authority over a limited region; and subject matter jurisdiction is the authority  over the issue at hand. In the United States, personal and subject matter jurisdictions are the main types of judicial authority.

Know More

Full Answer

In law, jurisdiction is the power granted to a formal judicial body to resolve lawsuits and issue pronouncements to legally carry out its  verdicts. Jurisdiction also refers to the established boundary wherein the proper exercise of lawful  authority is confined.

Personal jurisdiction, or  "in personam" in legal jargon,  can be enforced by a court over the litigants or defendants  involved in a civil or criminal proceeding, notwithstanding  their location. Territorial jurisdiction is a court's power to render a decision regarding certain incidents that transpired within a bounded geographical area, encompassing all those who were present at that time and place. Subject matter jurisdiction, or "in rem" jurisdiction, requires that all the details, concerning the subject matter of the lawsuit,  be made available so the court can render an appropriate resolution. In the  federal judicial system in  the U.S., the subject matter jurisdiction is further divided into a "federal question jurisdiction,"  "supplemental jurisdiction" and "diversity jurisdiction."

Learn more in Law

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the different types of warrants?

    A:

    Different types of warrants include no-knock warrants, anticipatory warrants, nighttime warrants, seizure warrants and warrants requiring a knock-and-announce provision, according to Cornell University Law School. Officers must show probable cause to a judge before obtaining any kind of warrant.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the different types of court hearings?

    A:

    The different types of court hearings include those heard by the circuit court, the district court, the small claims court, the probate court, the court of claims, the court of appeals, the supreme court and the bankruptcy court. Each court has a different function within the judicial system, and hears different cases, or, in some cases, may review cases from one of the other courts.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the different types of Creative Commons licenses?

    A:

    The different types of Creative Commons licenses are the Attribution, Attribution-ShareAlike, the Attribution-NoDerivs, Attribution-NonCommericial, Attribution-NonCommericial-ShareAlike and the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs. Each license provides the user of a creative work different rights of use, if any, of a creation.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How many people serve on a jury?

    A:

    The number of people on a jury depends on the jurisdiction of the court. The federal court system and the individual state courts determine how many jury members sit for criminal and civil cases.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore