Different types of warrants include no-knock warrants, anticipatory warrants, nighttime warrants, seizure warrants and warrants requiring a knock-and-announce provision, according to Cornell University Law School. Officers must show probable cause to a judge before obtaining any kind of warrant.Know More
Cornell University Law School notes that knock-based warrants stipulate that officers must knock on a door and identify themselves before entering a residence. They are not allowed to force their way inside, but forced entry is permitted if the occupant does not answer the door within an established time frame. Police can obtain a no-knock warrant if they can prove that such a circumstance calls for it. For example, a no-knock is appropriate if an inhabitant has a chance to destroy evidence when the police arrive, and this type of warrant is normally granted in drug cases.
Cornell University Law School adds that anticipatory warrants are issued when probable cause is necessary at a future date, and the warrant becomes valid at a specified time. Seizure warrants are reserved for confiscating materials or stored data. This warrant also allows officers to place tracking devices on property or a person. Nighttime warrants are reserved for the evening, but jurisdictions have different meanings for this warrant. For instance, federal law states that the appropriate time to commence a nighttime warrant is between the hours of 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. However, exceptions typically apply in cases involving drug offenses.Learn more about Law
Under the Freedom of Information Act, arrest warrants in the United States are public records and are available to anyone who wishes to access the information, according to RecordsWatch.org. This act was passed by Congress in 1966. In some cases, state or federal laws provide the authority to restrict access to certain types of information regarding the crimes.Full Answer >
The Cornell University Law School's Legal Information Institute states that a public nuisance transpires when a person unreasonably inhibits a right shared by the general public, while a private nuisance occurs when a plaintiff's use and satisfaction of private property is affected greatly and unreasonably through a thing or action. Courts may grant damages and prohibit further activity by the offender for either type of transgression.Full Answer >
A civil injunction is a court order that requires a person to do or stop doing a specific action, according to the Cornell University Law School. Some civil injunctions require that one individual not have contact with another, and these are referred to as "restraining orders."Full Answer >
According to California State University Stanislaus University Library, the United States features three basic types of laws: statutory, regulatory and case. Statutory laws are created by the legislative branch, regulatory laws originate from the executive branch and case law comes from the judiciary. Legislative laws are known by different terms depending on the timeline of their adoption.Full Answer >