Direct discrimination is when a person treats another in an unfair or unfavorable way because of specific personal characteristics, such as gender, age, ethnicity, nationality, religion or political views. Direct discrimination is often straightforward. Indirect discrimination is the design and implementation of practices, policies or rules which seem fair because they apply to all people but cause some people to be treated unfairly. Indirect discrimination is not obvious.
Direct discrimination happens because of the unfair stereotypes or assumptions which people develop against a specific person or group. An example of direct discrimination is refusing to hire aged people because of an assumption that they are not capable of learning new skills. Indirect discrimination occurs when specific conditions are unreasonable or unfairly disadvantageous to others. An example of indirect discrimination is a workplace policy that requires employees to work night shifts, without considering the needs of workers who have caring responsibilities. Discrimination can also take the form of harassment or victimization.
The law protects all people from all forms of discrimination, such as denial of education and health care services, biased recruitment, unfavorable working conditions and unfair dismissal. Examples of legislation that protects people from discrimination include the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Fair Housing Act of 1968, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and the Violence Against Women Act.Learn More
Federal courts hear cases that require uniform application of federal law, such as cases involving constitutional issues, copyrights, patents and bankruptcy. This also includes federal statutes such as federal civil rights laws. Federal courts decide some cases arising between parties from different states.Full Answer >
As stated by BusinessDictionary.com, a separate legal entity is a business that is given its own individual legal status. This is usually done by forming a limited liability company or a corporation so that the company's actions may be legally declared as separate from those of an individual person, the company's shareholders or another company.Full Answer >
There are several strategies to help curtail political corruption, including engaging the media in covering high-profile corruption cases, changing public attitudes and establishing organizations to study and solve corruption at all levels of government. Government corruption occurs at all levels, including municipal, state and federal. In some areas, governments are more corrupt than others.Full Answer >
According to the Baltimore Sun, factual guilt concerns whether or not someone committed a crime as a matter of historical, factual record, while legal guilt is entirely dependent on the decision of the jury. The Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School states that reasonable doubt is any doubt that is sufficient for a jury to acquit a defendant on grounds of insufficient evidence.Full Answer >