Congress has many duties, including collecting taxes, paying the country's debt and providing for the safety of its citizens. Congress is also responsible for making laws.Know More
The Constitution of the United States outlines the responsibilities and duties of Congress. Article I offers an overview of Congressional power, while Section 8 provides details about each duty.
Section 8 includes a total of 14 paragraphs of information about all the duties, including:
Congress also has an interest in science and the arts. It is the govermental body tasked with promoting both and with ensuring protections for authors and inventors.
With concern to war, Congress is responsible for making the declaration when deemed necessary and for financially supporting such efforts. It is through Congress that the top administrators for the Armed Forces of the United States are appointed. The body is responsible for defining and punishing piracy and crimes committed at sea.
Additionally, Congress deals with cession and commerce issues within the country's borders. The commerce power of Congress has been a point of contention several times throughout the nation's history.
While the duties of Congress are many and varied, they are often narrowed for descriptive purposes. For example, on citizenship tests, Congress is defined as the body responsible for law-making.Learn more about US Government
As of 2014, TreasuryDirect.gov and USGovernmentSpending.com outline past and current national debt totals and the total amount of debt the government accumulated since 1900. Users can print debt information, charts and graphs available on each website.Full Answer >
Congress has officially declared war 11 times. The first declaration of war was against Britain in 1812 and the most recent was during World War II against Rumania in 1942.Full Answer >
Since the Democratic Party first controlled both houses in 1837 under the 25th Congress, it has held control of both houses for over 75 years under 35 Congresses, according to both the House and Senate websites. As of 2015, the 114th Congress is controlled by the Republican Party.Full Answer >
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly referred to as Obamacare, was passed in the U.S. Senate by a vote of 60 to 39. The U.S. House of Representatives, using a process known as reconciliation, approved the Senate bill by a vote of 219 to 212.Full Answer >