The electoral college officially elects the President of the United States. Though American citizens registered to vote cast ballots for a particular Presidential candidate, they are really voting for a group of electors from their state.
The number of electors from each state is based on the number of representatives and senators the state has in Congress. A vote for a candidate is actually a vote for his electors. The electors from each state vote for the candidate who won the majority vote in the state. Though some states do not require the electors to follow the popular vote, most do. A Presidential candidate must have 270 electoral votes to win the election. Some Presidents win the election by the electoral college who did not win the popular vote.Learn More
The vice president of the United States is not subject to any term limits. Unlike the president, the vice president can serve in the role indefinitely.Full Answer >
In 1845, the United States Congress selected the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as the universal election day for federal elections; the motivations behind this choice are related to technological limitations on elections that made immediate vote tallying and communication difficult. Having election days on Tuesdays also avoids potential interference in voting ability for religious people who recognize a sabbath day on which they may be restricted from traveling to a polling location or performing work-like duties such as voting.Full Answer >
In order to be eligible to be president of the United States, a person must be at least 35 years old. The candidate must also have been a resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years and be a natural born citizen.Full Answer >
The fourth president of the United States was James Madison, who was elected in 1808. The War of 1812 was fought during his time in office, and he served two terms, leaving office in 1817.Full Answer >