The English Bill of Rights is a document penned and approved by Parliament in 1689 that limited the powers of co-sovereigns William and Mary. The document outlines the rights of Parliament, including freedom of speech, regular elections and the ability to petition the monarch without fear of retribution. The English Bill of Rights was a precursor to similar enumerations in the Constitution of the United States of America, explains BillofRightsInstitute.org.Know More
Other rights set forth in the document include provisions that forbid excessive bail, require legislative authority to collect taxes, allow Protestants to carry legal firearms for protection and make raising a standing army in times of peace illegal without the permission of Parliament. The English Bill of Rights forbids the monarchy from suspending the law. Further, the document states no one should be subject to cruel and unusual punishments or is required to forfeit fines and property until actually convicted of a crime in the judicial system.
Some verbiage of the English Bill of Rights is directly re-stated in the American Bill of Rights. Portions of the First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Eighth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution have roots in the 1689 document passed by Parliament. The original English Bill of Rights was a direct reaction to the reign of King James II, who preceded William and Mary. The document has been modified, interpreted and superseded over time to reflect changes in the British legal system.Learn more about Foreign Laws
Article 48 was an amendment to the Weimar Constitution that allowed the president of the Weimar Republic in Germany to work around Parliament to carry out duties that protected the people in times of crisis. The decree was intended to help the people, but it eventually led to the downfall of democracy in Weimar, Germany.Full Answer >
The U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child, signed and ratified by the Philippines, states that children have inherent human rights and violating them is internationally illegal. These include the rights to life and development, physical and mental protection, non-discrimination and health. Children are also entitled to the rights to have an identity, get an education, remain free of exploitation and to be raised by a loving family.Full Answer >
Chinese citizens have the right to vote when they turn 18, they are all equal before the law and all citizens have freedom of religion. Chinese citizens are protected against illegal search and seizure, and they have freedom of speech.Full Answer >
The steps through which a bill becomes a law in the Philippines include preparation, first reading, committee action, second reading, third reading, the senate's concurrence, the house's concurrence, conference committee, submission to the president, presidential action and action on approved bill. Much of the required legislation of the Philippines considered by the Congress usually originates from the Executive Branch.Full Answer >