Government organizations, such as the IRS, and major corporations, such as PepsiCo, are examples of bureaucracy. A bureaucracy is any complex organization in which there is a clearly defined hierarchy of top-down authority and specialized departments that make up parts of a whole.Know More
Bureaucracy is a common structural form for large organizations. A major corporation that has a CEO who oversees the operations of the entire company and manages a team of lower-level executives, who each in turn oversee the operation of a specific aspect of the company and manage a team of lower-level executives, and so on, is an example of a bureaucracy. The structure of a bureaucracy is described as a bureaucratic structure, and people who work in bureaucracies can be described as bureaucrats. Bureaucracies have clearly defined roles for each of their members, and positions of authority are clearly defined and understood by each organization as a whole.
The word bureaucracy can be used in a somewhat derogatory way, especially when used regarding government. Large federal government agencies, such as the Department of Veterans' Affairs, are necessarily complex entities because they oversee so many people across the United States' many states and territories. The structure of bureaucracy is not necessarily a bad thing, but it can be frustrating for individuals dealing with a bureaucratic system to go through all of the steps necessary to get what they need. While the term bureaucracy is often applied to government, it can apply to the private sector as well.Learn More
Most countries in Europe, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Netherlands, Austria and Germany, are parliamentary democracies. With more than 50 countries in the continent, Europe does not have one form of government. However, the only dictatorship in Europe currently is Belarus.Full Answer >
A federal system of government is characterized by the constitutionally-mandated division of political authority between the national government and sub-national territories, such as states or provinces. While being under one central government, each sub-unit maintains a certain level of political autonomy to better serve its population.Full Answer >
The City of Chicago has a mayor-council form of municipal government. The city’s government is made up of two branches: the executive branch, which is headed by the mayor, and the legislative branch, which is led by the City Council.Full Answer >
Countries that actually refer to themselves in some way as social democracies or democratic socialist nations in their respective constitutions include Bangladesh, India, North Korea, Portugal, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. Noticeably absent from the list are European nations that are traditionally considered the models of democratic socialist countries. This may be because democratic socialism is more of an ideal than a specific practice.Full Answer >