The processes in the unwritten Constitution include the establishment of the Cabinet, congressional committees, political parties and the Supreme Court's power of judicial review. The unwritten Constitution refers to the processes, customs and precedents that are deemed essential in the U.S. government, although they are not actually set forth in the Constitution. The government has been involved with many aspects of the unwritten Constitution for so long that these processes have become ingrained in the system and are accepted as important parts of the government.
George Washington was the first president to create a cabinet of advisers who helped him make decisions for the country. The Cabinet today is comprised of the secretaries of the major departments of the executive branch.
Congressional committees are known as the "backbone of Congress." Most of the work that the Congress accomplishes are not defined in the Constitution.
The Constitution does not specifically mention the creation of political parties. The first political parties that emerged were the Democratic-Republicans led by Thomas Jefferson and the Federalists Party headed by Alexander Hamilton. These political parties emerged because of debates over ratification of the Constitution. Since then, political parties have become major forces that shape U.S. politics.
Interestingly, the Supreme Court’s power of Judicial Review, which is the power to declare laws unconstitutional, is not mentioned in the Constitution.Learn More
Most countries in Europe, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Netherlands, Austria and Germany, are parliamentary democracies. With more than 50 countries in the continent, Europe does not have one form of government. However, the only dictatorship in Europe currently is Belarus.Full Answer >
A federal system of government is characterized by the constitutionally-mandated division of political authority between the national government and sub-national territories, such as states or provinces. While being under one central government, each sub-unit maintains a certain level of political autonomy to better serve its population.Full Answer >
The City of Chicago has a mayor-council form of municipal government. The city’s government is made up of two branches: the executive branch, which is headed by the mayor, and the legislative branch, which is led by the City Council.Full Answer >
Countries that actually refer to themselves in some way as social democracies or democratic socialist nations in their respective constitutions include Bangladesh, India, North Korea, Portugal, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. Noticeably absent from the list are European nations that are traditionally considered the models of democratic socialist countries. This may be because democratic socialism is more of an ideal than a specific practice.Full Answer >