A chief legislator most often refers to the president of the United States, who has the authority to influence members of Congress to make laws through veto power, signing a bill, speaking directly to Congress and meeting with individual members of the legislative body. Article II, Section 3 of the Constitution of the United States gives the president the authority to "recommend... such measures as... necessary and expedient."
The most prominent way the president of the United States acts as chief legislator is by submitting budget proposals to Congress. After receiving budget requests, legislators then alter the recommendations based on what senators and representatives feel is more appropriate.
Several presidents have had major influence on Congress as chief legislator. Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs during the Great Depression created government departments, Social Security and government spending initiatives that were designed to improve the lives of Americans by offering them government jobs. Roosevelt also convinced Congress to fund military initiatives for World War II.
President George W. Bush, in the days following the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, asked for declarations of war on terror and for implementation of the Patriot Act. Bush also requested Congress create a new executive department, the Department of Homeland Security. John F. Kennedy, through a speech to a joint session of Congress on May 25, 1961, implored the legislative body to commit to the goal of "landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth."Learn More
The Constitution of the United States grants the power to declare war to Congress. Article I, Section 8 states that "Congress shall have power to ... declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water."Full Answer >
Judicial activism is desirable and important because it allows judges to re-evaluate and reinterpret old laws and precedents in terms of modern society. However, it has become one of the most polarizing and controversial topics in the U.S. government because of the vast impact it has on society and policy.Full Answer >
In the United States, there are four basic types of legislation: bills, resolutions, constitutional amendments and ballot measures. Bills become laws through the legislative processes at federal, state and local levels, whereas resolutions are collective actions taken by legislators. U.S. constitutional amendments start in Congress before going to states for approval, and ballot measures are added to state and local issues by initiative petitions from citizens or by legislatures.Full Answer >
The political theory of hyperpluralism holds that special-interest groups have become too numerous and influential in politics, either causing or contributing to government gridlock. It is an extension of the pluralism theory, which is the view that while power is centralized in the government, special-interest groups are able to influence that power.Full Answer >