Common examples of civil cases include child custody, child support, contract violations, personal injury, property damage and divorce. A civil case settles a personal or business conflict when an individual or group feels wronged by a defendant or cannot come to an agreement on an existing legal matter. A plaintiff files a civil complaint, or a formal request asking the court to intervene, often leading to a lawsuit.Know More
In civil cases, a plaintiff is responsible for providing sufficient evidence that a defendant is guilty of wrongdoing. Plaintiffs may seek monetary compensation to cover expenses related to the complaint, such as attorney fees, property repair, lost income and medical bills. When necessary, the court may order a defendant to fulfill obligations owed to the plaintiff. In cases where defendants are deemed accountable for some form of needlessly harmful or malicious conduct, courts may also reward punitive damages to the plaintiff.
In contrast, a criminal case involves an alleged violation of public codes, such as robbery or murder, and the complaint is filed by a government entity. Civil trials don’t involve criminal prosecution, but they may settle civil complaints related to a criminal act. For instance, a defendant may face criminal charges filed by the local government for drunken driving and be involved in separate civil cases for injuring plaintiffs or destroying their vehicles.Learn more about Law
Topics that are often discussed during a divorce include property division, spousal support, child custody and support, and alternatives to court proceedings, according to DivorceNet.com. Outside of legal proceedings, divorce chat may cover topics as diverse as dealing with ex-spouses, helping children adjust to new living arrangements and coping with the complex emotions surrounding divorce, according to Womans Divorce.Full Answer >
Legal aid in divorce cases is often available to people with income below 125 percent of the federal poverty level, victims of domestic abuse and in special circumstances, such as custody cases where children are victims of abuse, according to About.com. Legal aid provides low-cost and no-cost legal services.Full Answer >
It can take approximately 9 to 11 months to complete divorce proceedings in cases where spouses remain civil and cooperative. However, if spouses become hostile and the case goes to trial, it can take 17 months or longer, according to Nolo. Factors that contribute to the length of divorce proceedings include the amount of property or financial assets owned by spouses, attorney speediness, civility of spouses, number of children and individual state's divorce laws.Full Answer >
A divorce for a marriage performed in another country can be granted by a U.S. state court or a court in that country, says divorce support expert Cathy Meyer for About.com. Obtaining a divorce for a marriage in Jamaica depends on the current citizenship and residency status of both parties and the type of divorce sought.Full Answer >