Drug enforcement is an example of cooperative federalism, holding both federal and state governments responsible in upholding drug laws using federal agents and local police. The education system employs similar cooperative federalism, with the federal government funding schools while allowing school boards to choose their own curriculum and teacher qualifications.Know More
The concept of cooperative federalism is one where federal, state and local governments are able to cooperate to solve common problems. Cooperative federalism emphasizes that the responsibilities of federal and state governments overlap, making no clear distinction between the two.
The theory first came about during the New Deal - a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938 due to the growth in power of the federal government in response to the Great Depression. In order to implement the policies of the New Deal, the federal government was forced to work alongside state and local governments, giving equal standing to city and state legislatures.
The Aid to Families with Dependent Children program is another example of cooperative federalism, originally established by the Social Security Act of 1935 and passed as part of the New Deal. The program is mostly funded by the federal government and provides financial assistance to families in need. The states are responsible for managing the program and determining how benefits are distributed according to the state’s own established guidelines based on income and resource limits within federal limitations.Learn more about Types of Government
Centralized federalism revolves around the idea that the federal government should be the one setting national policy, and the state and local governments must be the ones to carry out these policies. Great Britain and France are examples of a centralized federalism.Full Answer >
Picket-fence federalism is a form of creative federalism that involves all levels of government, from local to national, and each level of government in this system works together on things such as transportation, health care, housing and poverty. Devices in 1964 to replace cooperative federalism, creative federalism expanded the role of the federal government into the states.Full Answer >
According to Dr. Dianne Berman of Santa Monica College, the advantages of federalism include the ability to experiment with policy, empowerment of local government, opportunities for direct democracy and decentralization of power. The disadvantages of federalism include conflict between regional and national governments and inequality between regional governments.Full Answer >
Coercive federalism involves a strong centralized national government that exercises strict control over its states through the use of mandates or orders, often without providing the funding to carry out those requirements. In order to receive grant funding from the federal government, the states have to carry out the mandates first. This is a form of governance that the United States has followed on some issues since the 1960s, such as the environment and publicly funded education.Full Answer >