Two important cases involving the 18th Amendment were Hawke v. Smith and Olmstead v. United States. The 18th Amendment was the constitutional prohibition on the manufacture, sale and distribution of alcohol and spirits in the United States. Although the amendment took effect in 1920, it was repealed in 1933.
The case of Hawke v. Smith was the landmark case that challenged the method in which the 18th Amendment was passed by the Ohio legislature. According to the Supreme Court, voters in Ohio could not overturn the legislature in their ratification of the 18th amendment, despite the fact that the majority of voters were against the amendment and prohibition.
The Olmstead case was important as the Supreme Court addressed and clarified the law as it related to the use of telephone conversations as evidence in a case that involved prohibition.Learn More
The Bill of Rights comprises of the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution. These amendments include the basic rights of U.S. citizens from the federal government. The U.S. Supreme Court incorporated the Bill of Rights selectively to apply to the states.Full Answer >
The Bill of Rights was created to protect the civil liberties of American citizens and prevent the government from abusing power. The first 10 amendments were ratified as a compromise between Federalists and Antifederalists, politicians who debated the federal government's degree of authority over state legislatures and individual citizenship rights.Full Answer >
America's first Constitution was called the Articles of Confederation. The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777, although ratification of the Constitution by all 13 states did not take place until March 1, 1781.Full Answer >
Reserved powers are defined as powers assigned to the states and the people. The Tenth Amendment of the United States Constitution covers the subject of reserved powers.Full Answer >