Laws concerning leaving a dog unattended in a car vary from state to state. Only 14 states have statutes that forbid leaving pets in a confined vehicle, according to the Animal Legal and Historical Center's 2013 report. In general, conditions in the car must not endanger the animal's life.
The scales of justice stand for the idea of balancing truth and fairness in the justice system. In ancient Greek mythology, the scales of justice represent divine justice.
When a child divorces his parents, it is called the emancipation of a minor. Emancipation laws in all 50 states allow a child, under specific circumstances, to become legally separated from his parents.
Slashing car tires falls under the legal designation of criminal mischief, according to Pennsylvania attorney Jason R. Antoine. Each state has its own penalties, which commonly include monetary damages, probation or jail time. Antoine also notes that criminal mischief penalties correlate with the dollar value associated with the damaged caused by the defendant.
There must be an offer and acceptance to create a legally binding contract, according to Nolo. In addition, because of the verbal nature of a contract, the agreement must fall outside of the statute of frauds, notes Professor Richard Warner for the Chicago-Kent College of Law.
Freedom of speech protects everyone from all walks of life to think and express themselves freely. Without this guaranteed freedom, unpopular opinions would be hidden out of fear of retribution, change and progress would come to a screeching halt and all of the other freedoms listed throughout the Constitution and all of the amendments that follow would crumble.
Morality serves as the ethical basis or justification for law and facilitates obedience to the law by fomenting habits of conduct. Western Kentucky University explains that morality precedes law and is necessary for law to be successful.
The United States Supreme Court is the highest court in the land, and one of its main duties is to decide the outcome of cases. As the Supreme Court is the highest court, all decisions and outcomes are final and a case that goes to the Supreme Court must first pass through many other courts. The Supreme Court has the power to investigate, question and overturn cases that were decided in lower courts.
There is no limit to the amount of money that can be brought out of the United States. However, if the amount is more than $10,000, U.S. Customs and Border Protection requires the traveler to fill out a "Report of International Transportation of Currency and Monetary Instruments."
According to The Judicial Learning Center, law is a crucial system that allows human society to function in a manner that is as safe, fair and profitable for as many people as possible. Obeying the law is not only beneficial to society as a whole, but it allows individuals to reap the protections of living in an orderly environment.
A lie of omission is a lie in which someone deliberately withholds pertinent details about something in order to skew someone else's idea of the truth or engender a misconception. Although a lie of omission is not technically a lie because it contains no false information, it is still referred to as one colloquially because it is deliberately misleading.
According to the U.S. National Archives, to "plead the Fifth" means to decline to give self-incriminating evidence. "The Fifth" makes reference to the Fifth Amendment within the Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution, which gives a person the right to refuse to answer questions that implicate him in a crime. This right applies both during interrogation and during appearances in a criminal trial.
While all municipalities are different with regards to how far back their records go, nearly every city or county maintains some record of the blueprints used for buildings and homes in the area. Many of these documents can be obtained online, but the majority are too old to have electronic versions available.
Both Canadian residents and non-Canadian visitors to Canada may bring up to 8.5 liters of beer into Canada. In normal 355-milliliter cans or bottles of beer, this equals 24 servings.
Laws are in place to protect people against harm, according to civil liberties expert Tom Head for About.com. Societal rules also prevent vulnerable people from being exploited, and laws safeguard personal property. Laws also exist for granting goods and services to citizens.
The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act gives legal status to contracts negotiated by email, according to an article by Peter J. Lamont for Architectural Lighting. In addition, the Electronic Records and Signatures in Commerce Act states that electronic signatures in email contracts are equally as valid as signatures on paper contracts. Certain contracts such as student loans are exempted from these federal laws.
A misdemeanor citation is an issuance to appear in court to answer the charges presented against the violator, according to the Third Judicial District Court of Idaho. A misdemeanor is not as serious as a felony charge, but it is more egregious than an infraction.
According to the Law Offices of Powers Sellers & Finkelstein, it is possible to leave the country while on probation if permission is attained from a parole officer. The parole officer takes several things into account, such as the parolee's business abroad and the crime for which he was sentenced.
The National Reclamation Act of 1902, also known as the Newlands Reclamation Act, allowed the federal government to commission and fund water irrigation projects, according to the National Archives. The law stemmed from arid conditions in the western states. Under the law, funding for the projects came from the sale of public land.
The most prominent cultural diversity issue in American criminal justice is the perception of and concomitant attempts to prevent racially biased policing. Tensions between law enforcement officers and minorities have caused agencies to seek measures designed to reform police-community relations. Furthermore, cultural norms in legal matters differ. Following the course of action that would be expected in one country can lead to being arrested in the United States.
Legalism began during the Warring States era of China, between 475 and 221 B.C., according to Encyclopedia Britannica. Because of the conflicting, chaotic nature of this period, the utilitarian precepts of legalism caught on with the ruling class of the Qin Dynasty.