Fidel Castro was a Cuban revolutionary and political leader who, during his tenure as Cuba's prime minister, president and commander-in-chief, orchestrated the country's transformation into a one-party socialist state. Castro formed a decades-long alliance with the Soviet Union and supported communist revolutions around the world. His policies made him a lifelong antagonist and target of the United States.Know More
Castro was the son of a wealthy Cuban farmer. While studying law at the University of Havannah, he became involved in leftist politics and became a prominent student leader and organizer within the Socialist Party of the Cuban People.
Castro went on to work in revolutionary causes in the Dominican Republic, Colombia and Mexico. In 1959, he organized the revolution that overthrew President Fulgencia Bautista and his US-backed military junta. As prime minister and later president, Castro introduced policies that nationalized the economy and established central planning.
Castro allied Cuba with the Soviet Union, allowing the USSR to install nuclear weapons on the island. This led to the Cuban missile crisis in 1962. Castro sent weapons and troops to support communist regimes in the Yom Kippur War, the Ogaden War and the Angolan Civil War.
Despite numerous American attempts to remove Castro by means of assassination, counter-revolution and economic embargo, he continued in office until turning power over to his brother Raul Castro in 2008.Learn More
Former long-time Cuban leader Fidel Castro is most remembered for having created the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He did this by leading a revolution that culminated in overthrowing dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959.Full Answer >
Brazil does not have a prime minister. The head of state in Brazil is the president, who is elected every four years by majority. As of the October 2010 general election, the role is held by Dilma Rousseff, the first woman to be elected to this position in the country.Full Answer >
Japan has a parliamentary government headed by a prime minister and a constitutional monarchy headed by the emperor. Like the United States government, the government of Japan has three branches: executive, judicial and legislative.Full Answer >
As of March 27, 2014, Cuban dictator Fidel Castro is still alive. He was born Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz on Aug. 13, 1926 near Biran, Cuba to Angel Castro and Lina Ruz Gonzalez.Full Answer >