The Fifth Amendment specifically guarantees the right to a grand jury and right to a fair trial in cases of criminal trials. In addition to those explicit guarantees, the Fifth Amendment provides other protective measures in matters involving criminal and civil proceedings. The Fifth Amendment reserves specific rights for citizens and requires the government to compensate property owners for private land taken for public use.Know More
In addition to making guarantees and committing the government to justly compensate private landowners for takings, the Fifth Amendment contains explicit prohibitions. It prohibits double jeopardy, which essentially means that people cannot have lives or limbs placed in harm's way more than once for the same offense.
The Fifth Amendment also prohibits acts of self-incrimination in the hands of authority. Self-incrimination requires individuals to act as their own witnesses and subjects them to deprivation of life, limb or property without due process of law.
Although the provisions and purpose of the Fifth Amendment remain unchanged, its application to lower level courts expanded over time. Historically, only federal courts upheld the Fifth Amendment, since the Fifth concerns federal law. However, the Fourteenth Amendment, or Due Process Clause, expanded the Fifth's applicability to state courts. The Due Process Clause contains a substantive and procedural provision to ensure citizens' rights remain protected.Learn more about The Constitution
According to FindLaw, the Fifth Amendment protects those on U.S. soil who are accused of a crime from being compelled to testify against themselves. This protection means that defendants cannot be required to testify at their own criminal trial, and it also means that no one accused or suspected of a crime can be compelled to answer questions during police interrogations. Defendants and suspects can waive this right.Full Answer >
According to Cornell University Law School, the First Amendment protects the rights to freedom of religion, the right to assemble, and freedom of expression, which includes freedom of speech and of the press. It also provides the right to petition the government in the event of grievances.Full Answer >
The Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution covers the right to bear arms. However, its meaning is controversial. One camp believes the amendment applies only if states enact legislation, while the other major camp says that the amendment provides individual rights to bear arms, according to Cornell University Law School.Full Answer >
The Bill of Rights was added to the United States Constitution to guarantee the protection of the people from a strong central government. It served as a compromise between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists to achieve the ratification of the Constitution.Full Answer >