The Fifth Amendment specifically guarantees the right to a grand jury and right to a fair trial in cases of criminal trials. In addition to those explicit guarantees, the Fifth Amendment provides other protective measures in matters involving criminal and civil proceedings. The Fifth Amendment reserves specific rights for citizens and requires the government to compensate property owners for private land taken for public use.Know More
In addition to making guarantees and committing the government to justly compensate private landowners for takings, the Fifth Amendment contains explicit prohibitions. It prohibits double jeopardy, which essentially means that people cannot have lives or limbs placed in harm's way more than once for the same offense.
The Fifth Amendment also prohibits acts of self-incrimination in the hands of authority. Self-incrimination requires individuals to act as their own witnesses and subjects them to deprivation of life, limb or property without due process of law.
Although the provisions and purpose of the Fifth Amendment remain unchanged, its application to lower level courts expanded over time. Historically, only federal courts upheld the Fifth Amendment, since the Fifth concerns federal law. However, the Fourteenth Amendment, or Due Process Clause, expanded the Fifth's applicability to state courts. The Due Process Clause contains a substantive and procedural provision to ensure citizens' rights remain protected.Learn more about The Constitution
The 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution gave women the right to vote. The amendment states that "the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."Full Answer >
The Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution states that all people accused of crimes have the right to a quick and public trial presided over by a jury in the district in which the alleged crime took place. The accused is allowed to know what he is accused of.Full Answer >
According to FindLaw, the Fifth Amendment protects those on U.S. soil who are accused of a crime from being compelled to testify against themselves. This protection means that defendants cannot be required to testify at their own criminal trial, and it also means that no one accused or suspected of a crime can be compelled to answer questions during police interrogations. Defendants and suspects can waive this right.Full Answer >
The 16th Amendment gives the federal government the right to collect income tax. Prior to the ratification of this amendment, the U.S. Supreme Court found a federal income tax unconstitutional in Pollock v. Farmer’s Loan & Trust Co. Before the 16th Amendment, the Constitution only allowed Congress to levy taxes against states and not individuals.Full Answer >