The Fifth Amendment is important because it specifies legal safeguards for the criminally accused that are designed to protect citizens' life, liberty and property. Among these safeguards are protection against multiple trials for the same crime and the right to refrain from presenting self-incriminating testimony.Know More
The first of the Fifth Amendment's five clauses stipulates that no one can be tried for an "infamous crime" unless indicted by a grand jury. The Legal Information Institute at Cornell University explains that federal law establishes the grand jury number as between 16 and 23, and that grand jurors are selected from the pool of prospective jurors who could serve in any juror capacity on a given day. Infamous crimes are those that are punishable by more than year in prison.
The Legal Information Institute observes that the Double Jeopardy clause protects defendants from successive trials for the same act by providing that they will not be prosecuted for the same crime following an acquittal or conviction.
The Fifth Amendment also protects defendants from having to offer self-incriminating evidence in court. Due to the Supreme Court case Miranda v. Arizona, the self-incrimination clause extends to other legal proceedings like police interrogations.
The Due Process Clause requires the government to respect all rights, protections and statutes before depriving anyone of life, liberty or property.
The Just Compensation Clause obligates the government to compensate individuals fairly when it takes property under its power of eminent domain.Learn more about The Constitution
The Fourth Amendment is the amendment that protects American citizens from unlawful search and seizure, including in their homes. This amendment also outlines the requirements associated with obtaining warrants and the ability to monitor communications through wiretaps.Full Answer >
The Eighth Amendment states that the United States government cannot create "cruel or unusual punishments," such as torture and cannot implement excessive fines. The Eighth Amendment was ratified on December 15, 1791.Full Answer >
The Ninth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides a course of conduct to prohibit the federal government from infringing on rights of the U.S. citizen that are not specifically mentioned in the Constitution. Dissimilar to the eight preceding amendments, the Ninth Amendment does not outline or identify liberties and rights. It instead affirms protection for the unmentioned implicit rights of the people.Full Answer >
The 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution gave women the right to vote. The amendment states that "the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."Full Answer >