The five foundations, or basic principles, of democracy are social equality, majority rule, minority rights, freedom and integrity. All of these have a common basis in the fundamental ethical principle of mutual respect for diversity.
Social equality is a broad subject spanning many spheres of life, from the workplace to the criminal justice system. Fundamental to democracy is the notion that all citizens should have equal access to political participation, although for most people this rarely extends to standing in an election.
While everyone has a voice in a true democracy, only very small democratic societies can truly serve the interests of each and every person at once. Majority rule, therefore, rather than total consensus, is fundamental in practice for large democratic civilizations.
This does not mean that the minorities within society are exempt from mutual respect, however, and a real democracy naturally defends minority rights, whether to religion, expression, assembly or fair legal process.
In theory, democratic freedom should be entirely unfettered, except by legislation to safeguard the ultimate aim of mutual respect. In practice, however, enforcing such legislation tends to require funding and therefore taxation, not to mention varying interpretations of the definition ofmutual respect, all of which can limit freedom.
The fifth principle, integrity, is about honesty and compassion and the absence of corruption. In practice, this principle tends to be the most widely ignored.Learn More
Democracy has a number of advantages, foremost among which are safeguarding and representing the interests of the people. Equality is also key to democracy, and this includes equality before the law and equal rights to power.Full Answer >
Democracy is important because it give citizens equal opportunities to help make laws, vote for leaders and be protected by laws and rights that are in place. Democracy is a governmental structure that focuses on the rights of the citizens rather than the rights that the government has to control the citizens.Full Answer >
Democracy is a system of government based on the principle that the state's power is vested in the people and may be used by the people or their elected officials under a system of free elections. In theory, democracies may be either direct or representative.Full Answer >
A democracy is a type of government where the creation, evolution and proposal of laws are made through the engagement of all eligible citizens. There are several types of democratic systems, such as direct and semi-direct, representative, parliamentary, presidential, constitutional and hybrid democracies.Full Answer >