The goals of correction include punishment, rehabilitation, deterrence of crime, supervision of criminals and preparing offenders for re-entry into society. Correction also aims at preventing recidivism or relapse of criminal behavior as well as reducing delinquency and violence in the community.Know More
Corrections aim at protecting the community from the criminal activities of offenders and ensuring that criminals are accountable to those they offend. Correction systems punish offenders through imprisonment and supervise them through parole and probation. Low-level offenders are often supervised within the community because they pose little threat.
Correctional institutions rehabilitate offenders by providing them with educational and treatment opportunities. Rehabilitative programs within correctional institutions include mental health services, religious services, behavioral and substance abuse treatment, and religious services. Rehabilitation empowers offenders to lead productive and successful lives through and education and training of various skills. Within correctional facilities, offenders are evaluated to determine their needs, mental health and level of education in order to plan individualized rehabilitation programs. They also teach offenders work ethics and the importance of respect and discipline.
The re-entry services offered within correctional facilities include behavioral therapy, family reunification, vocational education and substance abuse treatment. These services are offered depending on the willingness of offenders to participate, according to the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. Correctional policies are effective when they are fair and consistent in providing offenders with opportunities to change, as explained by the National Conference of State Legislatures.Learn more about Law Enforcement
A police report is a document detailing a crime or incidence. In most cases, a victim or witness of a crime advises local police, who generate a report to start an investigation.Full Answer >
Bail is a legal mechanism that allows people who are accused of a crime to remain free pending trial. According to HowStuffWorks, bail takes many forms, but it usually requires that the accused, or another person acting as the accused's agent, post a sum of money as a guarantee that the defendant appears in court on the appointed date.Full Answer >
A criminologist examines a particular crime and develops theories on how to prevent the crime from happening again in the future. Criminologists accomplish this feat by studying the patterns of normal social behavior and comparing deviant criminal behavior to the behavior of law abiding citizens. A criminologist works with local and federal authorities, university staffs and legislative boards.Full Answer >
When filing a police report, visit the police station nearest to where the crime took place, accurately report the incident and truthfully answer all of the officer's questions. The police investigate the events before handing the case to a prosecutor if the event is deemed a crime.Full Answer >