The five pillars of the criminal justice system in the Philippines are law enforcement, prosecution, the courts, the penal system and the community itself. The five pillars principle was outlined in an executive order signed by President Corazon Aquino on December 19, 1989.Know More
The five pillars or systems must work in concert with each other with checks and balances between them in order to best serve the public. Criticism of the Filipino legal system often centers around issues of disconnect. The five pillars represent many different facets of the legal system and society.
Reactive policing is a way of responding to citizens' needs for law enforcement rather than anticipating them. Traditional police forces use a form of reactive policing in respect to the fact that citizens must contact law enforcement with concerns or requests, and law enforcement officials then respond to those concerns or requests.Full Answer >
A routine incident response is one of the five core operational strategies that comprise the basis for law enforcement. When officers respond to routine incidents, they collect all relevant information and produce a written report. In these situations, officers seek to document needed information and restore order if necessary.Full Answer >
Some examples of retributive justice would include a person who is sentenced to 30 years in jail for rape, or a person who is found guilty and must pay a fine, compensatory damages, lawyer fees and a fixed award to a plaintiff for his actions, according to the Cornell Law Review and the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retributive justice occurs when the crime and the punishments are controlled by a criminal justice system and the offender is punished with a proportionate punishment, as stated in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and by the Conflict Solutions Center.Full Answer >
Poverty, lack of schools and facilities, inadequate funds for adult education and even the use of English as a medium for instruction are some of the main reasons why there is illiteracy in the Philippines. The apathetic attitude of illiterate workers and the lack of support of government entities also contribute to the illiteracy rate.Full Answer >